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Boson, K., Gurdal, S., Claesdotter-Knutsson, E. & Kapetanovic, S. (2024). Adolescent gaming and parent–child emotional closeness: bivariate relationships in a longitudinal perspective. Current Psychology
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Adolescent gaming and parent–child emotional closeness: bivariate relationships in a longitudinal perspective
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Current Psychology, ISSN 1046-1310, E-ISSN 1936-4733Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to add knowledge of the longitudinal associations between gaming and emotional closeness between parents and their children. We hypothesized that parent–child emotional closeness was linked to less gaming activity over time and that more gaming activity was linked to less parent–child emotional closeness over time. We also tested the moderating efect of child gender on these anticipated links. This study involved a sample of Swedish adolescents, spanning the developmental years from age 12.5 to 17, and included data from two time points (T1; year 2013 and T2; years 2017/2018) with N=782 participants (T1 Mage=12.10, SD=0.40; 49.6% girls). Utilizing a series of Cross-Lagged Panel Models, we found that emotional closeness to both mother and father predicted less time spent on gaming over time. More time spent on gaming predicted less emotional closeness to mother over time. Additionally, gaming activity among girls was specifcally related to less emotional closeness to their father over time. Strengthening parent–child relationships and emotional bonds may be crucial in safeguarding adolescents from developing habits of excessive gaming that could potentially pose problems for their psychosocial development.

Nyckelord
Adolescents · Gaming, Parent–child emotional closeness, Bivariate relationships, Longitudinal design
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21395 (URN)10.1007/s12144-024-05714-1 (DOI)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, 2021-01696
Anmärkning

CC BY 4.0

Tillgänglig från: 2024-03-13 Skapad: 2024-03-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-13
Gurdal, S. & Sorbring, E. (2024). Cultural values, parenting and child adjustment in Sweden. International Journal of Psychology, 1-9
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cultural values, parenting and child adjustment in Sweden
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

To examine whether mothers' and fathers' individualism, collectivism and conformity values are significantly related to parenting behaviours and child adjustment during middle childhood, mothers (n = 95), fathers (n = 72) and children (n = 98) in Sweden were interviewed when children were, on average, 10 years old. Mothers' collectivism was significantly correlated with mothers' and fathers' higher expectations for children's family obligations. Fathers' collectivism was significantly correlated with mothers' and fathers' higher warmth and with fathers' higher expectations for children's family obligations. Fathers' conformity values were significantly correlated with fewer child internalising problems. Fathers' higher collectivism was associated with more paternal warmth even after taking into account the other cultural values, child gender and fathers' education. Our findings indicate that individual-level cultural values are correlated with some aspects of parenting and child adjustment in Sweden.

Nyckelord
child adjustment; cultural values; parenting; Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21207 (URN)10.1002/ijop.13103 (DOI)38196393 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85181926718 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

CC BY 4.0

This research was funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development grant RO1-HD054805.

Tillgänglig från: 2024-01-17 Skapad: 2024-01-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-17
Rothenberg, W. A., Skinner, A. T., Lansford, J. E., Bacchini, D., Bornstein, M. H., Chang, L., . . . Al-Hassan, S. M. (2024). How adolescents' lives were disrupted over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic: A longitudinal investigation in 12 cultural groups in 9 nations from March 2020 to July 2022.. Development and psychopathology (Print), 1-17
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>How adolescents' lives were disrupted over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic: A longitudinal investigation in 12 cultural groups in 9 nations from March 2020 to July 2022.
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Development and psychopathology (Print), ISSN 0954-5794, E-ISSN 1469-2198, s. 1-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

It is unclear how much adolescents' lives were disrupted throughout the COVID-19 pandemic or what risk factors predicted such disruption. To answer these questions, 1,080 adolescents in 9 nations were surveyed 5 times from March 2020 to July 2022. Rates of adolescent COVID-19 life disruption were stable and high. Adolescents who, compared to their peers, lived in nations with higher national COVID-19 death rates, lived in nations with less stringent COVID-19 mitigation strategies, had less confidence in their government's response to COVID-19, complied at higher rates with COVID-19 control measures, experienced the death of someone they knew due to COVID-19, or experienced more internalizing, externalizing, and smoking problems reported more life disruption due to COVID-19 during part or all of the pandemic. Additionally, when, compared to their typical levels of functioning, adolescents experienced spikes in national death rates, experienced less stringent COVID-19 mitigation measures, experienced less confidence in government response to the COVID-19 pandemic, complied at higher rates with COVID-19 control measures, experienced more internalizing problems, or smoked more at various periods during the pandemic, they also experienced more COVID-19 life disruption. Collectively, these findings provide new insights that policymakers can use to prevent the disruption of adolescents' lives in future pandemics.

Nyckelord
COVID-19, adolescence, cross-cultural, longitudinal, risk factors
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21226 (URN)10.1017/S0954579423001621 (DOI)001149690300001 ()38273765 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85184167923 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

CC-BY 4.0

This research has been funded by NICHD grant RO1-HD054805 and Fogarty International Center grant RO3-TW008141. This research also was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH/NICHD, USA, and the Centre for the Evaluation of Development Policies at the Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, UK, funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement No 695300-HKADeC-ERC-2015-AdG). 

Tillgänglig från: 2024-04-22 Skapad: 2024-04-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-22
Al-Hassan, S. M., Duell, N., Lansford, J. E., Dodge, K. A., Gurdal, S., Liu, Q., . . . Di Giunta, L. (2024). Parents’ learning support and school attitudes in relation to adolescent academic identity and school performance in nine countries. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1-26
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Parents’ learning support and school attitudes in relation to adolescent academic identity and school performance in nine countries
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Psychology of Education, ISSN 0256-2928, E-ISSN 1878-5174, s. 1-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

An important question for parents and educators alike is how to promote adolescents’ academic identity and school performance. This study investigated relations among parental education, parents’ attitudes toward their adolescents’ school, parental support for learning at home, and adolescents’ academic identity and school performance over time and in different national contexts. Longitudinal data were collected from adolescents and their parents in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States). When adolescents were 16 years old, their mothers (N = 1083) and fathers (N = 859) provided data. When adolescents were 17 years old, 1049 adolescents (50% girls) and their mothers (N = 1001) and fathers (N = 749) provided data. Multiple-group path analyses indicated that, across cultures, higher parent education was associated with better adolescent school performance. Parents’ attitudes toward their adolescents’ school and parent support for learning in the home were not associated with adolescents’ school performance but were associated with academic identity. The findings suggest somewhat different pathways to school performance versus academic identity. Implications for helping parents and educators in different countries promote adolescents’ academic identity and achievement are discussed.

Nyckelord
Parents’ learning support · Parents’ school attitude · Adolescent · Academic identity · School performance · Cross-cultural
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21468 (URN)10.1007/s10212-024-00827-4 (DOI)2-s2.0-85188346885 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

This research was funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Adolescent Health and Human Development grant RO1-HD054805 and Fogarty International Center grant RO3-TW008141. This research also was supported by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) grant P30 DA023026; the Intramural Research Program of the NIH/NICHD, USA; UNICEF; and an International Research Fellowship at the Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, UK, funded by the European Research Council under the Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement no. 695,300-HKADeC-ERC-2015-AdG).

Tillgänglig från: 2024-04-10 Skapad: 2024-04-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-10
Gurdal, S., Kapetanovic, S., Einarsson, I., Boson, K. & Claesdotter-Knutsson, E. (2023). Adolescents’ Perceptions of a Relapse Prevention Treatment for Problematic Gaming: A Qualitative Study. Healthcare, 11(17), 2366-2366
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Adolescents’ Perceptions of a Relapse Prevention Treatment for Problematic Gaming: A Qualitative Study
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Healthcare, E-ISSN 2227-9032, Vol. 11, nr 17, s. 2366-2366Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Given the increasing prevalence of problematic gaming, in 2013, the diagnosis “Internetgaming disorder (IGD)” was included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) as a potential diagnosis. With a new diagnosis, it is important to determine treatment options. The importance of the parent–child relationship has been emphasised in problematic gaming and its treatment. This study aims to provide more knowledge about adolescents’ perceptions of a treatment for problematic gaming and understand whether such treatment may have a bearing on the parent–child relationship. We conducted individual interviews with nine adolescents who completed a treatment for problematic gaming. The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. The analysis revealed three themes.

Theme 1: adolescents’ experiences of the new treatment;

Theme 2: adolescents’ perceptions of the effect of the treatment on their gaming behaviour; and

Theme 3: adolescents’ perceptions of changes in their parent–child relationships.

The adolescents viewed the treatment as a way of gaining control of their gaming, a process in which a therapist played an integral part. For the majority of the adolescents in our study, the main effects of treatment were gaining insight into how their gaming and gaming-related behaviours affected other parts of their lives. The participants felt that the treatment improved their relationship with their parents through reducing everyday conflicts. This new knowledge can be used for the development of future interventions involving children and adolescents.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
MDPI, 2023
Nyckelord
treatment; problematic gaming; gaming disorder; interviews; children
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20656 (URN)10.3390/healthcare11172366 (DOI)001060543700001 ()37685400 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85170359916 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, 2021-01696
Anmärkning

CC-BY 4.0

Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-01 Skapad: 2023-09-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-08
Svensson, Y. & Gurdal, S. (2023). Att "göra" agens: Yrkesverksammas beskrivningar av sitt praktiska arbete med barns och ungas agens. Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Att "göra" agens: Yrkesverksammas beskrivningar av sitt praktiska arbete med barns och ungas agens
2023 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [sv]

I och med att barnkonventionen blivit lag i Sverige har fler yrkesprofessioner ställts inför frågan hur barns röster ska tas i beaktande där det tidigare inte varit gängse. Mot bakgrund av det har denna rapport två syften, dels att ge konkreta exempel på hur professionella arbetar med det som kallas barns och ungas agens, dels att analysera de faktorer som beskrivs hindra eller vara förutsättningar för detta arbete i praktiken. Då vi också vill undersöka vad agens är för de yrkesverksamma, har vi valt ett begrepp som i sig inte påverkar innebörden av agens på samma sätt som formuleringar såsom att ”ge”, ”ta” eller ”ha” agens gör. Vi har i stället valt ”göra” agens – ett begrepp som även är neutralt, i motsats till ”främja” eller ”hämma”.

”Det är lätt att säga men svårt att göra” är en ofta återkommande mening i samtal om barns och ungas agens. De studenter vi möter på de barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga utbildningarna har ofta stor erfarenhet av att jobba med barn och unga men frågar ändå: Hur gör man då, rent konkret? Det finns inte ett svar på den frågan, och ”hur:et” måste anpassas till respektive verksamhet. Målet med denna rapport är alltså inte att ge ett svar utan att visa på bredden i hur man kan jobba med frågan. Vi vill också uppmana till reflektion kring hur just ditt eller din verksamhets svar ser ut utifrån.

Till grund för undersökningen ligger korta texter skrivna av tio yrkesverksamma studenter på den nationella (magister) respektive internationella (master) barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga utbildningen på Högskolan Väst. Idén att undersöka hur studenter tillika yrkesverksamma beskriver agens kom från att utbildningarna utgår ifrån att barn och unga ska vara aktörer i sina egna liv och att de som arbetar med barn och unga bör möjliggöra det på olika sätt.

I linje med det första delsyftet presenteras de tio texterna i sin helhet, som inspiration till hur man kan arbeta med barns och ungas agens i olika verksamheter. Därefter följer analysen i det andra delsyftet, vilken visar att agens ses på olika sätt av de yrkesverksamma. Barn och unga beskrivs som delaktiga aktörer, som jämlikar och experter, men det finns även beskrivningar av den vuxna som en möjliggörare av agens. Barns och ungas agens beskrivs ligga till grund för positiv personlig utveckling, men också för demokrati och inflytande genom ansvar för en själv och andra.

De delvis olika beskrivningarna av vad agens är påverkar skildringarna av hur agens görs. De sammanfattas i en modell bestående av fyra delar: den vuxnas roll, barnets/den ungas roll, samspelets roll respektive kontextens roll i görandet av agens. Resultaten presenteras under samma teman, med identifierade framgångsfaktorer och hinder som underteman (se innehållsförteckningen). Utifrån resultaten i de olika delarna har vi formulerat diskussionsfrågor, tänkta att kopplas till läsarens egen verksamhet och hur barns och ungas agens tar sig uttryck där.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst, 2023. s. 44
Serie
Rapport i korthet, BUV
Nyckelord
unga, barn, yrkesverksamma, agens
Nationell ämneskategori
Pedagogiskt arbete
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20868 (URN)
Anmärkning

Forskningsmiljön Barn och unga på Högskolan Väst arbetar strategiskt med forskningssamverkan tillsammans med verksamheter som har fokus på barn, ungdomar och unga vuxna. Målet för forskningsmiljön är att producera och sprida kunskap om barns och ungdomars livsvillkor och därmed stärka deras ställning i samhället. Forskningssamverkan med externa verksamheter är ett av de sätt som miljön arbetar på för att nå detta mål. Samarbetet sker i form av en samverkansmodell som avser att skapa goda förutsättningar för både forskningen och den externa samverkansparten. Samverkansmodellen utgår från en dialog mellan forskare och samverkanspart där parterna tillsammans utarbetar och formulerar undersökningsområde och forskningsfrågor.

Tillgänglig från: 2023-10-27 Skapad: 2023-10-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-09
Gurdal, S., Bacikova-Sleskova, M., Kapetanovic, S., Erlandsson, S. & Sorbring, E. (2023). Community series in the consequences of COVID-19 on the mental well-being of parents, children and adolescents, volume II: Editorial. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 14, 1-2
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Community series in the consequences of COVID-19 on the mental well-being of parents, children and adolescents, volume II: Editorial
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 14, s. 1-2Artikel i tidskrift, Editorial material (Refereegranskat) Published
Nyckelord
COVID-19, emotional distress, education, social distancing, isolation, family
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20616 (URN)10.3389/fpsyt.2023.1249748 (DOI)001036155600001 ()37496688 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85165889926 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

CC-BY

Tillgänglig från: 2023-08-22 Skapad: 2023-08-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-10
Buchanan, C. M., Glatz, T., Selçuk, Ş., Skinner, A. T., Lansford, J. E., Al-Hassan, S. M., . . . Alampay, L. P. (2023). Developmental Trajectories of Parental Self-Efficacy as Children Transition to Adolescence in Nine Countries: Latent Growth Curve Analyses. Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Developmental Trajectories of Parental Self-Efficacy as Children Transition to Adolescence in Nine Countries: Latent Growth Curve Analyses
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Little is known about the developmental trajectories of parental self-efficacy as children transition into adolescence. This study examined parental self-efficacy among mothers and fathers over 3 1/2 years representing this transition, and whether the level and developmental trajectory of parental self-efficacy varied by cultural group. Data were drawn from three waves of the Parenting Across Cultures (PAC) project, a large-scale longitudinal, cross-cultural study, and included 1178 mothers and 1041 fathers of children who averaged 9.72 years of age at T1 (51.2% girls). Parents were from nine countries (12 ethnic/cultural groups), which were categorized into those with a predominant collectivistic (i.e., China, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, Colombia, and Jordan) or individualistic (i.e., Italy, Sweden, and USA) cultural orientation based on Hofstede's Individualism Index (Hofstede Insights, 2021). Latent growth curve analyses supported the hypothesis that parental self-efficacy would decline as children transition into adolescence only for parents from more individualistic countries; parental self-efficacy increased over the same years among parents from more collectivistic countries. Secondary exploratory analyses showed that some demographic characteristics predicted the level and trajectory of parental self-efficacy differently for parents in more individualistic and more collectivistic countries. Results suggest that declines in parental self-efficacy documented in previous research are culturally influenced.

Nyckelord
Adolescence, Parental self-efficacy, Culture, Individualism, Collectivism
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21037 (URN)10.1007/s10964-023-01899-z (DOI)001100669600003 ()37957457 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85176467968 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

CC BY

Funding This research was funded by the Eunice Kennedy ShriverNational Institute of Child Health and Human Development grantRO1-HD054805 and Fogarty International Center grant RO3-TW008141. This research also was supported by National Instituteon Drug Abuse (NIDA) Grant P30 DA023026, the IntramuralResearch Program of the NIH/NICHD, USA, and an InternationalResearch Fellowship at the Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, UK, funded by the European Research Council under the Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 695300-HKADeC-ERC-2015-AdG).

Tillgänglig från: 2023-12-27 Skapad: 2023-12-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-27
Kapetanovic, S., Zietz, S., Lansford, J. E., Bacchini, D., Bornstein, M. H., Chang, L., . . . Al-Hassan, S. M. (2023). Parenting, Adolescent Sensation Seeking, and Subsequent Substance Use: Moderation by Adolescent Temperament. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 52(6), 1235-1254
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Parenting, Adolescent Sensation Seeking, and Subsequent Substance Use: Moderation by Adolescent Temperament
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 52, nr 6, s. 1235-1254Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Although previous research has identified links between parenting and adolescent substance use, little is known about therole of adolescent individual processes, such as sensation seeking, and temperamental tendencies for such links. To testtenets from biopsychosocial models of adolescent risk behavior and differential susceptibility theory, this study investigatedlongitudinal associations among positive and harsh parenting, adolescent sensation seeking, and substance use and testedwhether the indirect associations were moderated by adolescent temperament, including activation control, frustration,sadness, and positive emotions. Longitudinal data reported by adolescents (n = 892; 49.66% girls) and their mothers fromeight cultural groups when adolescents were ages 12, 13, and 14 were used. A moderated mediation model showed thatparenting was related to adolescent substance use, both directly and indirectly, through sensation seeking. Indirectassociations were moderated by adolescent temperament. This study advances understanding of the developmental pathsbetween the contextual and individual factors critical for adolescent substance use across a wide range of cultural contexts.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer Nature, 2023
Nyckelord
Adolescents, Sensation seeking, Parenting, Substance use, Temperament
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-19862 (URN)10.1007/s10964-023-01765-y (DOI)000955804800003 ()2-s2.0-85150660988 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

This article is licensed under a Creative CommonsAttribution 4.0 International License, 

This research has been funded by NICHD grant RO1-HD054805 and Fogarty International Center grant RO3-TW008141. This research also was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH/NICHD, USA, and the Centre for the Evaluation of Development Policies (EDePO) at the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), London, UK, funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 695300-HKADeC-ERC-2015-AdG). Open access funding provided by University West.

Tillgänglig från: 2023-04-18 Skapad: 2023-04-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-10
Rothenberg, W. A., Bizzego, A., Esposito, G., Lansford, J. E., Al-Hassan, S. M., Bacchini, D., . . . Alampay, L. P. (2023). Predicting Adolescent Mental Health Outcomes Across Cultures: A Machine Learning Approach. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 52(8), 1595-1619
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Predicting Adolescent Mental Health Outcomes Across Cultures: A Machine Learning Approach
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 52, nr 8, s. 1595-1619Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Adolescent mental health problems are rising rapidly around the world. To combat this rise, clinicians and policymakers need to know which risk factors matter most in predicting poor adolescent mental health. Theory-driven research has identified numerous risk factors that predict adolescent mental health problems but has difficulty distilling and replicating these findings. Data-driven machine learning methods can distill risk factors and replicate findings but have difficulty interpreting findings because these methods are atheoretical. This study demonstrates how data- and theory-driven methods can be integrated to identify the most important preadolescent risk factors in predicting adolescent mental health. Machine learning models examined which of 79 variables assessed at age 10 were the most important predictors of adolescent mental health at ages 13 and 17. These models were examined in a sample of 1176 families with adolescents from nine nations. Machine learning models accurately classified 78% of adolescents who were above-median in age 13 internalizing behavior, 77.3% who were above-median in age 13 externalizing behavior, 73.2% who were above-median in age 17 externalizing behavior, and 60.6% who were above-median in age 17 internalizing behavior. Age 10 measures of youth externalizing and internalizing behavior were the most important predictors of age 13 and 17 externalizing/internalizing behavior, followed by family context variables, parenting behaviors, individual child characteristics, and finally neighborhood and cultural variables. The combination of theoretical and machine-learning models strengthens both approaches and accurately predicts which adolescents demonstrate above average mental health difficulties in approximately 7 of 10 adolescents 3-7 years after the data used in machine learning models were collected.

Nyckelord
Adolescence; Externalizing; Internalizing; Machine learning; Parenting; Prediction
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20003 (URN)10.1007/s10964-023-01767-w (DOI)37074622 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85153089852 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

This article is made available via the PMC Open Access Subset for unrestricted research re-use and secondary analysis in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for the duration of the World Health Organization (WHO) declaration of COVID-19 as a global pandemic.

Funding

This research has been funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development grants RO1-HD054805 and P2CHD065563 and Fogarty International Center grant RO3-TW008141. This research also was supported by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Grant P30 DA023026, the Intramural Research Program of the NIH/NICHD, USA, and an International Research Fellowship at the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), London, UK, funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement No. 695300-HKADeC-ERC-2015-AdG).

Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-02 Skapad: 2023-06-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-10
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7881-5670

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