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Erlandsson, S., Lundin, L. & Dauman, N. (2020). The Experience of Tinnitus and Its Interaction With Unique Life Histories: Life Events, Trauma and Inner Resources Narrated by Patients With Tinnitus. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, Article ID 6.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Experience of Tinnitus and Its Interaction With Unique Life Histories: Life Events, Trauma and Inner Resources Narrated by Patients With Tinnitus
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychiatry, ISSN 1664-0640, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 11, artikkel-id 6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The challenges facing people with chronic tinnitus include finding relief and rebuilding quality of life. However, previous traumatic episodes may influence adjustment and prolong suffering. Recovery implies reducing aggravating reactions and improving social roles, relationships and interests. Self-narratives about living with tinnitus have not yet received the attention they deserve in the research literature. Thus, the main goal of the present study was to illustrate how tinnitus suffering interacts with the participants’ unique life histories. Method: Four women and one man (ages 52–58) took part in the study after consulting a special hearing clinic for annoying tinnitus. Criteria for inclusion were that tinnitus was regarded as a problem with negative consequences for quality of life. The participants should be willing to share how the experience of tinnitus suffering interacts with their previous life story. Narrative methodology was employed in order to achieve the goals of the study. We used unstructured interviews with free conversation, which allowed for rich narratives with full contextual meaning. Results: The findings, based on the narrative analysis, revealed that three out of five participants presented a regressive form of narrative indicating ongoing struggles beyond tinnitus itself, which they were unable to bring to closure. For them, valued goals were continuously thwarted by frustrating circumstances in their lives, either past events or current unresolved issues. Progressive and stable narratives, as identified in the other two participants, demonstrated values that rely on others’ attitude and understanding toward their suffering, in sharp contrast to the regressive narratives. We suggest that a central issue in tinnitus rehabilitation should be to help suffering patients to overcome unresolved conflicts and thereby extend their ability for a fuller commitment in life. Conclusion: Considering enduring tinnitus as a chronic condition, whose course is likely to vary depending on the patient’s general health status, an alteration of progressive and stable narratives is likely to occur during the lifespan. A progressive narrative shows similarities to the core construct of the salutogenesis model of health promotion (1). In conclusion, a narrative approach in tinnitus rehabilitation can be health promoting by offering the patient the opportunity to engage in storytelling, which in turn can increase comprehensibility and a sense of coherence. © Copyright © 2020 Erlandsson, Lundin and Dauman.

Emneord
adult; Article; chronic disease; clinical article; consultation; disease classification; female; health promotion; health status; human; life event; life history; male; narrative; patient attitude; personal experience; quality of life; rehabilitation care; sense of coherence; tinnitus; traumatology; unstructured interview
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15106 (URN)10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00136 (DOI)000525603000001 ()2-s2.0-85082697030 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-04-16 Laget: 2020-04-16 Sist oppdatert: 2020-05-04
Prochnow, A., Erlandsson, S., Hesse, V. & Wermke, K. (2019). Does a 'musical' mother tongue influence cry melodies?: A comparative study of Swedish and German newborns. Musicae scientiae, 23(2), 143-156
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Does a 'musical' mother tongue influence cry melodies?: A comparative study of Swedish and German newborns
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Musicae scientiae, ISSN 1029-8649, E-ISSN 2045-4147, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 143-156Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The foetal environment is filled with a variety of noises. Among the manifold sounds of the maternal respiratory, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems, the intonation properties of the maternal language are well perceived by the foetus, whose hearing system is already functioning during the last trimester of gestation. These intonation (melodic) features, reflecting native-language prosody, have been found to shape vocal learning. Having had ample opportunity to become familiar with their mother's language in the womb, newborns have been found to exhibit salient pitch-based elements in their own cry melodies. An interesting issue is whether an intrauterine exposure to a maternal pitch accent language, such as Swedish, in which emphatic syllables are pronounced typically on a higher pitch relative to other syllables will affect newborns' cry melody (fundamental frequency contour). The present study aimed to answer this question by quantitatively analysing and comparing the melody structure in 52 Swedish compared with 79 German newborns. In accordance with previous approaches, cry melody structure was analysed by calculating a melody complexity index (MCI) expressing the share of cries exhibiting two or more (well-defined) arc-like substructures uttered during the recording sessions. A low MCI reflects a dominance of cries with a 'simple', i.e. single-arc melody. A significantly higher MCI was found in the Swedish infant group, which further corroborates the assumption that the well-known foetal sensitivity for musical (melodic) stimuli seems to shape infants' cry melody.

Emneord
Melody, infant, cry, language, music, pre-speech development, foetal learning
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11890 (URN)10.1177/1029864917733035 (DOI)000474005000002 ()
Merknad

Funders: Stingerfonden, Gothenburg, Sweden, (2011-17)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-12-06 Laget: 2017-12-06 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Dauman, N., Haza, M. & Erlandsson, S. (2019). Liberating parents from guilt: a grounded theory study of parents' internet communities for the recognition of ADHD. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 14(1), Article ID 1564520.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Liberating parents from guilt: a grounded theory study of parents' internet communities for the recognition of ADHD
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 14, nr 1, artikkel-id 1564520Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: This study presents a qualitative analysis of information posted on the Internet by two communities of French parents promoting the recognition of ADHD in the context of current health and school practices.

METHOD: Grounded Theory (Strauss & Corbin's approach) was applied to the posted messages, with the aim to discover the main concern and common theme through a constant comparison analysis.

RESULTS: Liberating parents from feeling responsible for their child's misconduct was found to be the core category. From this perspective, we account for the commitment of the digital communities to formalize the child's conduct as a consequence of a neurodevelopmental disorder. This approach helps to account for the promotion of behavioural expertise and conditioning strategies (e.g., positive reinforcement) for handling the child's so-called disorder as appropriate parental responses. Giving evidence for parenting struggles was the third main concern of the communities, in the face of perceived skepticism from professionals towards ADHD as a medical condition.

CONCLUSIONS: By using examples from countries that are found to have a more pro-medical approach to ADHD, the communities aim at improving such medical practices in France. Issues surrounding the claim that ADHD would require a specific style of parenting are also discussed.

Emneord
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), digital communities, grounded theory, guilty feelings, internet, parenting practices, qualitative research
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13474 (URN)10.1080/17482631.2018.1564520 (DOI)000467817500001 ()30696381 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85060799606 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Published online: 29 Jan 2019

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-02-04 Laget: 2019-02-04 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Erlandsson, S. (2018). ADHD - Omsorg framför utredning. Best Practice :Psykiatri/neurologi, 9(34), 17-19
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>ADHD - Omsorg framför utredning
2018 (svensk)Inngår i: Best Practice :Psykiatri/neurologi, Vol. 9, nr 34, s. 17-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
Emneord
ADHD, Omsorg
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13060 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-14 Laget: 2019-01-14 Sist oppdatert: 2019-03-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Erlandsson, S. (2018). Barn behöver vuxna som kan lyssna. Barnbladet (3), 6-9
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Barn behöver vuxna som kan lyssna
2018 (svensk)Inngår i: Barnbladet, E-ISSN 0349-1994, nr 3, s. 6-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Bjuv: Riksföreningen för barnsjuksköterskor, 2018
Emneord
Barn, kommunikation
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13407 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-14 Laget: 2019-01-14 Sist oppdatert: 2019-05-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Michiels, S., Ganz Sanchez, T., Oron, Y., Gilles, A., Haider, H. F., Erlandsson, S., . . . Hall, D. A. (2018). Diagnostic Criteria for Somatosensory Tinnitus: A Delphi Process and Face-to-Face Meeting to Establish Consensus.. Trends in hearing, 22, Article ID 2331216518796403.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Diagnostic Criteria for Somatosensory Tinnitus: A Delphi Process and Face-to-Face Meeting to Establish Consensus.
Vise andre…
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Trends in hearing, E-ISSN 2331-2165, Vol. 22, artikkel-id 2331216518796403Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Since somatic or somatosensory tinnitus (ST) was first described as a subtype of subjective tinnitus, where altered somatosensory afference from the cervical spine or temporomandibular area causes or changes a patient's tinnitus perception, several studies in humans and animals have provided a neurophysiological explanation for this type of tinnitus. Due to a lack of unambiguous clinical tests, many authors and clinicians use their own criteria for diagnosing ST. This resulted in large differences in prevalence figures in different studies and limits the comparison of clinical trials on ST treatment. This study aimed to reach an international consensus on diagnostic criteria for ST among experts, scientists and clinicians using a Delphi survey and face-to-face consensus meeting strategy. Following recommended procedures to gain expert consensus, a two-round Delphi survey was delivered online, followed by an in-person consensus meeting. Experts agreed upon a set of criteria that strongly suggest ST. These criteria comprise items on somatosensory modulation, specific tinnitus characteristics, and symptoms that can accompany the tinnitus. None of these criteria have to be present in every single patient with ST, but in case they are present, they strongly suggest the presence of ST. Because of the international nature of the survey, we expect these criteria to gain wide acceptance in the research field and to serve as a guideline for clinicians across all disciplines. Criteria developed in this consensus paper should now allow further investigation of the extent of somatosensory influence in individual tinnitus patients and tinnitus populations.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sage Publications, 2018
Emneord
Delphi survey, face-to-face consensus, somatic, somatosensory, tinnitus
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi; Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12942 (URN)10.1177/2331216518796403 (DOI)000444743000001 ()30213235 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85053461771 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

First Published September 13, 2018

Funders:  ‘Fonds voor wetenschappelijk onderzoek Vlaanderen’ (FWO; T001916N)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-09-27 Laget: 2018-09-27 Sist oppdatert: 2019-05-24bibliografisk kontrollert
Erlandsson, S. & Punzi, E. (2017). A biased ADHD discourse ignores human uniqueness. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 12, Article ID 1319584.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A biased ADHD discourse ignores human uniqueness
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, artikkel-id 1319584Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Emneord
Human uniqueness, ADHD, biase
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11257 (URN)10.1080/17482631.2017.1319584 (DOI)000403490600009 ()2-s2.0-85049282729 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-08-02 Laget: 2017-08-02 Sist oppdatert: 2019-05-21
Dauman, N., Erlandsson, S., Albarracin, D. & Dauman, R. (2017). Exploring Tinnitus-Induced Disablement by Persistent Frustration in Aging Individuals: A Grounded Theory Study. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 9, 1-18, Article ID 272.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Exploring Tinnitus-Induced Disablement by Persistent Frustration in Aging Individuals: A Grounded Theory Study
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, ISSN 1663-4365, E-ISSN 1663-4365, Vol. 9, s. 1-18, artikkel-id 272Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Qualitative research can help to improve the management of patients, meet their expectations and assist physicians in alleviating their suffering. The perception of moment-to-moment variability in tinnitus annoyance is an emerging field of exploration. This study sought to enlighten variability in tinnitus-induced disablement using a qualitative approach. Methods: Twelve participants (six females, six males, aged 51-79) were recruited via the French Tinnitus Association Journal for participation in recorded semi-structured interviews. Each participant had three interviews lasting 1 h, the sessions being separated one from the other by 2 weeks. Following recommendations of Charmaz (2014), the second and third interviews were aimed at gathering rich data, by enhancing the participants’ reflexivity in the circumstances of distress caused by tinnitus. After transcription, the data (n = 36 interviews) were analyzed using the approach to Grounded Theory proposed by Strauss and Corbin (1998). Results: Tinnitus as persistent frustration emerged as being the core category uniting all the other categories of the study. Hence, the core category accounted for the broader scope in participants’ experience of chronic tinnitus. It is suggested that tinnitus-induced disablement varied according to the degree of frustration felt by the participants in not being able to achieve their goals. The implications of this were analyzed using the following categories: “Losing body ownership,” “ Lacking perspectives,” and “Persevering through difficulties.” Based on these findings, we draw a substantive theory of tinnitus tolerance that promotes an active, disciplined and individualized approach to tinnitus-induced disablement. The model distinguishes pathways from sustained suffering to reduced annoyance (i.e., emerging tolerance). It accounts for difficulties that the participants experienced with a perceived unchanged annoyance over time. Furthermore, this model identifies a set of new attitudes toward oneself and others that tinnitus tolerance would entail. Conclusion: The subjective experience of frustration enlightens tinnitus-induced disablement, offering new perspectives for long-term self-management. Modulation of frustration, rather than moderation of tinnitus interference, is suggested as a new approach to the clinical management of tinnitus-related distress.

Emneord
tinnitus, frustration, disablement, long-term suffering, intra-individual variability, grounded theory, qualitative research
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi; Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11410 (URN)10.3389/fnagi.2017.00272 (DOI)000407498600001 ()2-s2.0-85027711780 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Funders French Association for Interdisciplinary Approach to Tinnitus, AFREPA 

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-04 Laget: 2017-09-04 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-05bibliografisk kontrollert
Lundin, L. & Erlandsson, S. (2017). Parental discussions online through the medical discourse-lens. Journal of Childhood & Developmental Disorders, 3(4), Article ID 15.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Parental discussions online through the medical discourse-lens
2017 (svensk)Inngår i: Journal of Childhood & Developmental Disorders, ISSN 2472-1786, Vol. 3, nr 4, artikkel-id 15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present study the research objective was to gain insights into parental communication on an open Internet forum where parents had the opportunity to discuss issues related to ADHD. In order for clinicians to help troubled children brought to the health clinic it may be important to learn more about the life situations of these troubled families as treatment options can require complex interventions for the whole family. Our aim was thus to go beyond the neurobiological medical model of ADHD, which does not take into account contextual factors. In today’s society specialized online discussion forums are available for parents who seek support for various difficulties that arise in the family. The online forums are sources of research data. As research tools we used the narrative psychological approach for the analysis of 72 online naratives. These narratives provided support for that the parents embraced medical explanations for the difficulties experienced when raising children, despite obvious challenging life circumstances, such as for example being a single parent without social support. Even very young children had been given serious psychiatric medical diagnoses such as ADHD, Bipolar disorder, Mood disorders and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Some of them had been diagnosed with more than one of these disorders. The complexity of the parental nnarratives in the present study indicates that the neurobiological model is not sufficient enough to form the basis of a personalized and comprehensive care for vulnerable families.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Wilmington, USA: , 2017
Emneord
Pareting; ADHD; Online discussion forum
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi; Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11815 (URN)10.4172/2472-1786.100053 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-23 Laget: 2017-11-23 Sist oppdatert: 2019-03-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Erlandsson, S., Lundin, L. & Punzi, E. (2016). A discursive analysis concerning information on "ADHD" presented to parents by the National Institute of Mental Health (USA).. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 11, Article ID 30938.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A discursive analysis concerning information on "ADHD" presented to parents by the National Institute of Mental Health (USA).
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, artikkel-id 30938Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A discourse analysis was performed based on an online document under the headline: "What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, ADD)?" published by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), USA. Three parts of the document were analysed: (1) The introductory part, as this sets the tone of the whole text. (2) Parts of the text that were specifically addressed to parents. (3) Etiology and pathology of "ADHD" with reference to a number of different symptoms and behaviors. Inattention and hyperactivity are presented in the document as a floating spectrum of symptoms caused by "ADHD." Other factors of importance for children's development, that is, early attachment, close relationships, previous experiences, culture, and contexts are ignored. Children who are perceived as inattentive and hyperactive are portrayed as having inherent difficulties with no reference to their emotions or efforts to communicate. The child is viewed as suffering from a lifelong disorder that might not be cured but controlled by a diagnosis and subsequent medication. Parents are advised to control their child's behavior and to strive for early diagnosis in order to receive treatment provided by experts. Those who are presented as experts rely on a biomedical model, and in the document, detailed descriptions of medication to correct the undesired behaviors are provided. The value of judgment in the assessment of different symptoms and behaviors that signifies "ADHD" is absent, rather taken-for-granted beliefs were identified throughout the document. A heterogeneous set of behaviors is solely described as a disorder and hereafter it is stressed that the same behaviors are caused by the disorder. In this manner, cause and effects of "ADHD" are intertwined through circular argumentation.

HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9307 (URN)10.3402/qhw.v11.30938. (DOI)000375926500001 ()27052426 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84964380509 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-04-11 Laget: 2016-04-11 Sist oppdatert: 2019-03-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4151-7976