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  • Bernvi, Ronja
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Ekengren, Lina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av fysisk aktivitet vid omvårdnad av patienter med psykossjukdom: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous research has shown the positive effects that physical activity has in patients with psychosis, highlighting how antipsychotics induce weight gain and increase the risk of patients developing metabolic syndrome. Despite studies clearly demonstrating the importance of physical activity and the positive effect it has on this patient group, physical activity is still low on the agenda in the healthcare treatment and management of psychosis. Patients with psychosis often live a sedentary life, where isolation is a part of the symptomatology. At the same time, prescribed medical treatments often result in side effects that have detrimental effects on the long-term physical health of patients. Recent research demonstrates that physical activity contributes to patients’ physical health as well as their mental health, significantly contributing to their recovery. One way to improve the prognosis of patients with psychosis, often related to poor physical health, is to work with patients to promote all aspects of good health, including physical activity – a role that often fall upon nurses. Aim: The aim of the study was to illustrate nurses' experiences of physical activity in the nursing of patients with psychosis. Method: This is a qualitative study performed using inductive content analysis and is based on the interviews of 13 nurses working in Swedish outpatient care. Results: The result is presented as an overall theme, consisting of three main categories and eight subcategories. The result shows that the promotion of physical activity for nurses involves active and attentive listening, and demonstrates the time-consuming aspect of this work, especially as symptomatology and other needs still needs to be addressed. It is a work that can contribute to both positive change and new opportunities for patients. Conclusion: Physical activity is a complementary treatment that should be given increased priority and resources to further contribute to the improved healthcare for patients with psychosis.

  • Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Collby, Ida
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Planprocessen utifrån ett gentrifieringsperspektiv: En studie med gentrifiering i fokus för fyra stadsdelar i Göteborg2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gentrification is a concept for the process of change that occurs in a neighborhood where people with high economic status move into an area that has previously been dominated by people with low socio-economic status. The process takes place step by step and affects, among other things, the economic, social, physical and cultural impression in the district. The concept itself is not well mentioned in urban planning or by politicians. Instead, they choose to use words such as integration in their work as it leaves a positive impression. The gentrification process can eventually give positive effects to a neighborhood if it generates growth and contributes to increased service in the area. However, the negative side of the gentrification process is more talked about. The negative effects are characterized by consequences for the residents in an area where the rents increase and they can no longer afford to live. The reason for the price increase and the fact that people are forced to move can be a consequence of the rebuilding and new construction run by the municipality and developers. The phenomenon occurs worldwide, but due to the extensive degree of development within the City of Gothenburg, the study will be based on the municipality. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the City of Gothenburg relate to the concept of gentrification and to what extent they work with its sanctions when they add new detailed plans for an area. The study is also meant to investigate the municipality's position on the concept as well as whether it is conscious or unconscious decisions that make, which in turn can lead to the re-enactment of the detailed planning area. In order to delimit the study, four areas were chosen in Gothenburg with similar conditions where a new detailed plan has gained legal force and exploitation is either started or completed. A qualitative method was used for reading material and interviews were held with the municipality and an developer to gain insight into the thinking about the design of the detailed plans and the exploitation. After completing the study, we have found that gentrification is a loaded concept, which means that politicians and urban planners also do not want to know it. In connection with the interviews carried out for the study, there was a lack of knowledge about the concept's existence, but a strong belief that their particular project would generate a positive gentrification effect for the area they project. Some interviewees also reported for some type of conscious gentrification when they felt that an increased population and variety of population groups could contribute to something positive despite the possible risk of gentrification in the exploited area.

  • Ärleskog, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Strukturella villkor: En åldersfråga: En kritisk åldersstudie om barns strukturella villkor utifrån kommunala hemsidors information om behandling vid spelproblem2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aims to, through a critical age perspective, describe and illustrate the structural conditions of the age category of children based on the information about treatment for gambling problems provided by municipal websites. The study has a quantitative character and in order to answer the study's questions, a content analysis of municipal websites (N = 119) was conducted. 52,1% of those websites contained information on treatment for gambling problems (n = 62). The result showed a statistically significant difference in the distribution regarding information by municipal websites on treatment for gambling problems ( χ² = 9,478a , df = 2, p = ,009) and treatment methods ( χ² = 13,400a , df =2, p = ,001) between the structural age categories. Throughout, age as an organizing principle was updated, and the age category of children was directed to information about treatment for gambling problems through municipal websites to a considerably lower extent than other age categories. This brought to light an age hierarchy and from a children perspective it is possible to state that children's structural conditions were unequal. When this was consistent, it is reasonable to assume that there is systematic inequality, which raises social stratification.

  • Niklasson, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Hagström Russell, Christopher
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Stora bostadsfastigheter på landsbygden med kombinerade ändamål: En studie av gällande rätt och fastigheter bildade i Västra Götalands län år 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the year 1991, the general suitability conditions in FBL 3:1 was revised and the statements in the preparatory work made it possible to form larger properties for housing with additional ground suitable for other purposes than housing, such as ground for smaller animal retention or cultivation. According to prior practice in the field, properties purposed for housing was limited to only containing enough ground to cover the space needed for buildings and gardens. This thesis applies the scientific method of legal dogmatics in order to examine the applicable law. The method includes analysis of preparatory work, court cases, and doctrines that is relevant to understanding how the general suitability condition should be applied in cases where large properties for housing with additional ground for other purposes in rural areas are formed. Based on the different sources of analysis some parts of what could be viewed as a framework for the law has been defined. The study shows that there are three typical cases when it is allowed to include forest land in properties for housing. Furthermore, it shows that the ordinary areal size of properties with the sole combined purpose of retention is considered to be 3,5 hectares. It can also be concluded that forming properties within the general protection area of beaches must be done with great restrictiveness and lastly it is allowed to form properties that consists of more than one unit as long as the units has a functional connection in relations to each other. The applicable law seems to vary from case to case depending on the many factors that must be considered when the general suitability condition is applied. Therefore, it has been difficult to draw more detailed conclusions from this part of the study. This thesis also contains a legal sociologic study in which the documentation from the creation of multipurpose properties in Västra Götaland, Sweden, has been converted into statistics and compared with the results of the legal dogmatics study in order to determine how the law is applied in reality. The study showed that a total of 269 properties had been created in the year 2018. The properties have been created in every council except two, the areal mean is 4,5 hectares and the most ordinary combined purpose is retention. Most properties are created as one sole unit and lastly there are 48 properties that are created within the general protection area of beaches. The legal sociologic study was concluded with five cases where the creation of multipurpose properties which had been appealed to the land and environment courts. They were studied in order to determine what the county government considers to be a property that does not conform with the general suitability conditions.

  • Mustakangas, Sanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Tallheden, Jenny
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Upplåtelse av allmän plats för enskilt ändamål2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities have the plan monopoly which means that they have the exclusive right to produce and adopt detailed plans. A detailed development plan regulates how land and water areas should be used and granted. The plan regulates which land that should constitute a land for public space and an area for building sites. Public space is for example land as parks, nature, squares or roads that are made for the public's needs. Public spaces are usually not allowed to be leased for private interests as they are made for public interests. The use of the site's must be reported in the map for the detailed plan, with associated plan regulations that both are legally conclusive. The public spaces should, among other things, also be available for emergency vehicles. Property formations should compliance with the current detailed plan. Minor deviations from the detailed plan can be made if the deviations are compatible with the purpose of the plan, according to the Real Property Formation Act 3:2. It has been questioned if it´s allowed to lease public spaces for private interests. Certain municipalities mean that the purpose with the public spaces disappears if it is leased for a private interest, but other municipalities think that there is a need. The selected authorities' reasons for the leases are minor deviation from the detailed plan, that the purpose of the detailed plan is not counteracted and that the public place's accessibility to the public is not affected that much. This thesis clear that land which is leased temporary regulates in the Order Act of Sweden and is leased with a police license. Permanent leases regulate in the Code of Land Laws forms part of the Statute Book of Sweden as well as in the Property Formation Act and make the leases with a use agreement or an easement. In this thesis public spaces definition that specifies in the Planning and Building Act and the corresponding definition in the Order Act of Sweden. The purpose of the thesis is to describe the legal situation concerning private leases on public places. The study is supposed to describe how four municipalities and two land survey authorities deal with the issue. The study also intends to clarify the underlying motives that the selected authorities have for their decisions. There are several rights to apply for private interests in public spaces. The authors of this thesis have defined to only investigate whether it is possible to grant land for private interests through easements or rights of user. After completing the study, we can conclude that there are shared opinions about whether the legislation should be clarified or changed. The authors of this study can see that the issue of granting public space should be dealt with early in the planning process. To start setting the issue up early, the authorities can avoid a time-consuming and expensive change of plan. We also can see that there is a need to change or clarify the legislation.

  • Hedlund, Elin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    (Ur)kunden har alltid rätt: En studie om plagiat och användandet av plagiatkontrollsystem vid ett svenskt lärosäte2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to better understand how the universities in Sweden work to prevent plagiarism, how they use plagiarism detection tools and what knowledge the students have or wish to have about plagiarism. This was studied through interviews with teachers and administration staff from one smaller university in Sweden together with a questionnaire for students attending any university in Sweden. The study shows that the information about plagiarism can be clearer from teachers according to the students, to prevent plagiarism as far as possible. It also shows that the university is already working to improve the information so that the students in a better way can understand, but it is hard to know how to give the information and what information that the students need. The examined university are using the system Urkund as a plagiarism detection tool and the study shows that teachers in general are satisfied with the system and how they use it. However, some teachers see an opportunity to use the detection tool in their teaching practises but need more knowledge of the system to do so efficiently. The students reportedly know what plagiarism means according to the study, but they do not have a deeper knowledge about it which they want from their universities, especially how the school is handling plagiarism cases and how the plagiarism detection tool works. The study concludes with recommendations for the universities to improve their work against plagiarism.

  • Olsson, Niklas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Selberg, Christian
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Numerical simulation and experimental validation of a manufactured wing profile2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background for this thesis originates from a study of the flow characteristics for an airfoil of the type NACA0018. The aim for this thesis was to evaluate how the characteristics of the flow over the NACA0018 profile depend on surface roughness. Airfoils were manufactured in Aluminum by Computer Numerical Control-milling and in polylactide polymer using a 3D-printer, where some of the profile surfaces were postprocessed with sandpaper in various grain sizes. The surface roughness of the profiles was evaluated in a 3D optical profilometer using white light interferometry from Filmetrics. By that technique 3D surface plots were created. The manufactured airfoils were tested in a wind tunnel where the achieved data was made dimensionless for comparative purposes. The computational fluid dynamics simulations were performed in Ansys Fluent and compared against the wind tunnel data as well as with the data from a previously made study at htw saar. The results from the wind tunnel tests show that the surface roughness has an effect on the flow characteristic of the airfoil, where different angles of stall were observed in the comparison. The difference for the dimensionless numbers coefficient of lift and drag show that the manufactured aluminum airfoil performs better compared to the 3D-Printed airfoil in this study. It has a higher performance mean value for both of these coefficients in a span of angles between 0 and 30 degrees. When compared, the results from the simulations and wind tunnel experiments do match in some cases, where the dimensionless coefficients and stall angle coheres. Further studies based on this report are recommended, where small geometric changes to the profile could be tested and validated.

  • Tunney, Ruth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Interaktivt Innehåll och Konvergenskultur: En diskursiv fallstudie av Black Mirror: Bandersnatch2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As illustrated by the Netflix special Bandersnatch as a cultural phenomenon, the purpose of this study was to analyze how "new" storytelling forms exist in today's convergence culture. This was done by a discursive case study about TV-critics' reception of Bandersnatch, along with smaller comparative discourses covering both relatively traditional film and TV organizations within the media industry, as well as an online forum. Therefore, it was demonstrated how the convergence culture expanded the expression of interactive content. Themes inspired by the reviews included the categorization of Bandersnatch as a media product. The technological aspects of interactive elements were furthermore used in the analysis of the result. Moreover, this was discussed in relation to theories of design and convergence culture. Finally, the results of the study indicated that Netflix's Bandersnatch was compared to both analogue and digital media products. The film's technological aspects were considered to detract from the storytelling experience of a movie, but rather it generated the type of entertainment found in a video game. An insecurity of the future of film as an artform and a dilution of traditional ownership roles also emerged, as the viewer's control continued to be discussed, not only in relation to Bandersnatch, but also to the overall interactive and participatory digital media landscape.

  • Fredriksson, Thorgrim
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Pettersson, Jonas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Elkvalitetspåverkan vid utlokaliserad felbortkoppling i radiella 40 kV distributionsnät2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor’s thesis investigates the changes in electrical power quality that can arise from relocating switchgear and protection relays, from the power-feeding station, for a power grid with radial operation. The report highlights the potential problems with a prolonged faultclearance time in the power grid. The report uses existing regulations and a previously completed bachelor’s thesis, in which a substantial socioeconomic benefit was concluded, as a starting point for the study. The purpose of this bachelor’s thesis is to determine if unlawful voltage sags can appear in the power grid following a relocation of the switchgear and protection relay. There is also an interest in investigating if the earlier determined socioeconomic benefits remain if the previously unconsidered cost following a voltage sag is included. There is also included in the scope of the bachelor’s thesis to describe a basic method for evaluation of the expected cost of a voltage sag. By observing the nature of occurring voltage sags following simulations in PSS/E for proper power grids several illustrations over the magnitude and disconnection event were produced. The resulting disconnection event was then used in combination with estimated valuation factors to estimate the expected cost following a voltage sag. Which leads to that the socioeconomic benefits can be estimated by contemplating the change in cost following a forced outage in relation to the voltage sag cost. With regards to the occurrence of unlawful voltage sags in the examined power grids the bachelor’s thesis concludes that there is no risk for the appearance of such. The thesis also demonstrates that an overall socioeconomical benefit follows the use of any of the presented relay protection methods. Even though this benefit does not present itself in all the radials for the observed power grids following a relocation. In these cases, a deeper analysis is required to guarantee a positive outcome. The thesis contains an uncertainty with regards to the presented benefits following the use of non-established valuation factors. Following this the thesis should be viewed as a proof of concept and not as a in depth case study for the evaluated power grids. Despite these uncertainties the authors advocates, following the result of the thesis, for the use of relocated current measuring protection relays as a standard method when using relocated switchgear and protection relay. Furthermore, the authors also advocates for the activation of an instantaneous disconnection step, in the power-feeding station, in order to minimize the fault-clearance time of the most critical voltage sags.

  • Hendberg, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Lundgren, Emma
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Planerade arbetens påverkan på SAIDI: analys baserad på Vattenfall Eldistribution AB:s nät2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is made on behalf of Vattenfall Eldistribution AB and was conducted at their office in Trollhättan. The purpose of the project was initially to reveal that the way to the 2025‘s SAIDI-goal, probably will deviate from the original goal. This because of the many investments that are made in the power grid. These investments often lead to many switching schedules which often, for the customers, mean a planned interruption of the power supply. What is to be investigated is if there are any disturbances which are related to a planned interruption. Namely, if there was a secondary fault caused by the planned work, that caused a customer interruption that lasted longer than three minutes aside from the planned interruption time. According to Swedish Energy Markets Inspectorate, the concept of power quality divides into two different parameters; continuity of supply and voltage quality. This work will only focus on the continuity of supply, more particularly the interruptions which last more than three minutes. To enable comparison between electrical companies there are a few interruption indicators which for example are SAIDI and SAIFI. SAIDI is the quota of the total customer interruption time and the total customer quantity. The result that has been shown is not comparable to the historical SAIDI-results which Vattenfall Eldistribution AB presents, since different variations of SAIDI is being used. The result shows that a meaningful impact is to be received because of secondary faults occurring with some of the switching done in the grid, due to planned work. These faults could for example be rooted in a disconnector failing, flaws in the documentation that lead to manoeuvres of the wrong device, or simply because of the human factor.

  • Pettersson, Åsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Thomée, Linda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors uppfattning om smärtskattning och smärtskattningsinstrument i kommunal hälso- och sjukvård: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is common for patients in municipal healthcare to experience pain. Repeated studies indicate that validated pain assessment tools are rarely used. Nurses' lack of knowledge concerning pain, pain assessment and pain relief leads to poor quality pain management which leads to poor quality of life. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate nurses' opinions of pain assessment and pain assessment tools in municipal healthcare. Method: A literature review was conducted in which eleven scientific studies were examined and analyzed according to qualitative content analysis. Result: Three categories: knowledge, teamwork and barriers, emerged from the analyses. The study shows that nurses rarely use pain assessment tools in their daily work. Nurses generally think it is complicated to assess pain in non- verbal patients or in patients with cognitive impairment. They also feel that they have a lack of knowledge when it comes to pain relief and pain assessment. Other barriers is lack of time and personnel. The multi professional team is seen as an important part to improve pain assessment and pain management. Conclusion: The result points towards the fact that nurses lack skills in pain management. It is not enough to learn from work experience. More extensive education is needed to gain nurses' interest and skills about pain.

  • Fransson, Sanna
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Olovligt nyttjande av kommunal mark: Kommunens hantering av olovliga överträdelser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All land in Sweden is divided into properties and is part of society's infrastructure. Each property has a unique designation and is bounded by a property boundary marked with boundary points. All properties also have one or more owners. The state, county councils, municipalities and individuals can all be owners of properties. The municipality has a role in society as both property owner and authority. Land use in Sweden is governed by Sweden's municipalities through various planning procedures. The largest land areas that the municipality owns are within urban areas where most of the land is local planned. Both the individual and the general interests should be merged about the surfaces for an appropriate use of the land. The municipality as a property owner handles cases where individuals use municipal land unlawfully for private purposes. Interviews have been completed to take part of the municipalities' experiences of unlawful use of municipal land. Examples of noncompliances that occur on municipal land are hedges, garden furniture, compost, waste or buildings. The biggest consequence is that the public places are privatized. The public has the right to stay on someone else's land according to the right of public access and can temporarily use public space for individual purposes if permission exists. If municipal land is used unlawfully for individual purposes, the municipality can use legal measures to deal with the problem. Depending on the type of non-compliances and where it occur, there are several different laws and regulations to relate to. It can be distinguished from newspaper articles and publications on municipal websites that the problem has been around for a long time but has now begun to be discovered more and more by the municipalities. The participating municipalities confirm that unlawful use of municipal land occurs. The phenomenon is perceived more or less as a problem in the various municipalities. The result has also shown that the problem is handled differently and makes it difficult to fulfill the principle of equal treatment. There are no clear guidelines in several of the municipalities for handling such cases. Part of the problem can be reduced already in the planning work if detailed plans are developed with well-thought out surfaces and clear boundaries for public space. At present, large additional resources are required if a municipality is to deal with the problem seriously.

  • Andersson, David
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Smeds, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Existentiell mening: och dess relevans för det sociala och socialpedagogiska arbetet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att mot bakgrund av Viktor Frankls teori kring existentiell mening undersöka diakoners erfarenheter av hur människor de möter upplever existentiell mening samt på vilket sätt existentiell mening kan relateras till det socialpedagogiska fältet. Detta eftersom vi under vår utbildning samt i yrkeserfarenheter från fältet upplevt att det existentiella perspektivet saknats. Empirin har samlats in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med diakoner från Svenska Kyrkan. Studiens resultat visade att det finns stora likheter mellan det diakonala och socialpedagogiska fältet. Resultatet visade även att de människor diakonin möter har spörsmål av existentiell karaktär, men att dessa är särskilt framträdande då människor befinner sig i en utsatt eller svår livssituation. Samt att diakonin ofta får träda in när samhällets resurser brister och informanterna efterfrågar ett större samhälleligt ansvar vad gäller att kunna möta människors existentiella spörsmål.

  • Atik, Attila
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jabbour, Jean
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Legitimacy During Coup Attempts:: A comparative study about the US media framing of coup attempts in Venezuela (2002) and Turkey (2016)2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to describe and compare the differences and similarities for US mainstream media’s representation of two different coup attempts by using Robert Entman’s Framing theory in terms of legitimacy. The chosen cases are the coup attempt in Turkey (2016) which is an US ally, having a right-wing government and the coup attempt in Venezuela (2002) which has a strained relationship with the US and having left-wing government. The research applies qualitative approach to conduct a small-n case study for comparing and analyzing how the media framed the legitimacy of acts and actors during these two coup attempts. This is an attempt to describe the problematization of theory becoming practice for the US mainstream media regarding the presentation of what is legitimate and what is not. The definition of legitimacy is very clear, but the US mainstream media have issues to reflect this definition to the reality.

  • Ribòn, Astrid
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Alblebish, Ibtihal
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att samtala om sexualitet med patienter som lider av psykisk ohälsa: En litteraturbaserad studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexuality has been considered as a part of people's lives that are more than a biological and reproductive function. Diseases, medications and mental conditions can directly or indirectly affect the person's sexual health, so it is a subject not to ignore in the nursing perspective. Although nurses believed that sexuality was an important subject, it is not a priority in psychiatric care. People with mental illness lacked information and conversations about sexuality and sexual health. It is precisely in this area that people had a higher risk of being sexually exploited, suffering from sexually transmitted infections, and unwanted pregnancies. In order to achieve a holistic care, nurses expressed that they needed to involve sexuality in their profession. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses' experiences of talking about sexuality with the patients suffering from mental illness. Method: A literaturebased study of ten scientific qualitative articles that have been compiled and analyzed. Articlesearches were conducted in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, PsychInfo and PsycArticles. Results: Four categories emerged that explain the experiences of nurses related to their responsibilities and knowledge about sexuality. A category was how the responsibility of the organization to implement routines and effective work environment can influence the communication of the nurses and patients. Another category presented the feelings of nurses about how their approach and how their attitudes affect the communication with patients suffering from mental illness about sexuality. Conclusion: The nurses are awarded that sexuality is an important subject and a fundamental aspect of life. Nurses needed more education about sexuality to be able to engage in a conversation with patients and kept in mind that they are responsible for holistic care. Nurses attitudes towards to the mental health patients and sexuality is a big barrier in which nurses need to change and the organization needs to provide all the necessary help for the nurses to do an adequate job. Patients need to receive the best care regardless of their mental state.

  • Karlegärd Nilsson, Ylva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Tiden är knapp. Finns det genvägar till ett stort ordförråd?: En studie av lärares kunskaper i konstruktionsorienterad undervisning och lexikogrammatik på grundläggande och gymnasienivå i svenska som andraspråk.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Undersökningen i denna uppsats behandlar ordinlärning i undervisningsgrupper på grundläggande och gymnasienivå i svenska som andraspråk. Ett stort ordförråd behöver på kort tid byggas upp och undervisningen måste därför vara effektiv och genomtänkt. Forskning förespråkar fokus på fraseologi och inte på enskilda ord vid ordinlärning.

    Syfte Syftet är att kartlägga informanternas kunskaper om undervisning i ordkunskap, hur de bedriver ordkunskapsundervisning samt om deras undervisning är konstruktionsorienterad och lexikogrammatisk.

    Metod Studien genomförs genom en digital enkät, i ett Googleformulär, i olika Facebook-grupper på nätet bestående av lärare i svenska som andraspråk. Metoden är både kvantitativ och kvalitativ. Kvantitativ eftersom svar från en större grupp ger mer stöd åt resultatet vilket möjliggör generalisering. Kvalitativ eftersom många av de dikotoma ja/nej-frågorna och"graderingsfrågorna" följs av öppna följdfrågor av typen "Om du svarade ja/nej..." och "Varför/varför inte?". Dessutom finns det utrymme för informanternas reflektioner.

    Resultat Resultatet av undersökningen visar att flertalet informanter till viss del arbetar lexikogrammatiskt och konstruktionsorinterat genom att, på olika sätt, undervisa om ordbildning och flerordsenheter i kontextuella sammanhang. Informanterna arbetar dock inte fullt ut, varken med betydelsefält eller med ordboksträning vilket, enligt Holmegaard (1999) och Östberg (2012), krävs för att främja in lärarnas ordinlärning. Flera av informanterna är inte heller förtrogna med vilka ordböcker som rekommenderas av forskare. Informanterna lyfter fram problematiken kring att identifiera inlärarnas ordinlärningssvårigheter och vissa anser sig inte veta hur de ska ge stöttning. En del informanter håller inte med om att hjärnan organiserar information om ordförrådet i det så kallade mentala lexikonet, efter ordens betydelser, såsom forskare framhåller, och anser i stället att hjärnan organiserar information om ordförrådet efter grammatiska betydelser. En del av informanterna anser sig inte ha kunskap nog att uttala sig.

  • Mogren, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Abrahamsson, Max
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Repetitionens påverkan på animation: Åskådares uppfattning av repetitiv spelanimation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether repetition affects the experience of game animation. Through an experiment we divided people with gaming habits into two groups to view an animated run-cycle. The cycle, almost a second long, was repeated continuously. One of the groups viewed the cycle for 10 seconds whereas the other group viewed the same cycle, but for 120 seconds. The participants experiences were documented through a questionnaire that was later supplemented with a more thorough interview. Their statements were compiled using open coding in order to find similarities and differences between the two groups.The results of the experiment show tendencies that the group that viewed the cycle for 120 seconds expressed a change of experience with time, often for the worse, even if the animation itself didn't change. This differs from the other group, which had viewed the cycle for 10 seconds, which generally didn't report any changes of experience. From this we draw the conclusion that, in an experiment stripped of story, environment and context, game animation that repeats frequently tends to cause a change of experience with repetitions. How and why this change of experience occurs can only be discussed in this study even though there's similarities with theories as PECMA Flow and semanticsatiation. Further studies into the subject is required to fully understand the phenomenon and to apply the findings in real, complex games.