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  • Nomark, Sanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Pålsson, Miriam
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Representation av äldre i animerad långfilm: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are few studies that investigate older characters in animated film. Older characters have been portrayed in a disproportionately negative manner according to previous studies. These studies were made over ten years ago, therefore new research is needed to investigate how older people are represented. The aim of this research is to examine how older characters are portrayed in mainstream animated films from 2017 by analyzing five animated films: Coco, Smurfs - The Lost Village, The Lego Ninjago Movie, Monster Family and Captain Underpants. Using a qualitative and semiotic content analysis, we investigate how identity markers, narrative functions, as well as stereotypes and signs are used to portray older people. The study shows a positive change in the representation of older people where the characters have more nuanced and important roles. The most common stereotypes around older people do not appear in these films, instead authority roles and archetypes such as the wise are used. Rather than a sign of chronological aging the appearance of elderly and signs of age primarily seems to be used to convey wisdom and experience.

  • Sjöberg Rosén, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Samverkan i skarpt läge: En studie om samverkan i ett Barnahus samrådsgrupp, där skyldigheter möter möjligheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Barnahus är en verksamhet där myndigheter samverkar runt barn/unga och familj, då barn har farit eller riskerar att fara illa. Medverkande myndigheter är i detta fall socialtjänst, polis, åklagare samt barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin. Denna studie undersöker hur samverkan mellan dessa myndigheter ser ut i de samrådsmöten de har varje vecka, där de lyfter svåra fall av barnmisshandel, övergrepp eller misstanke om detta, samt underlättar för barnet genom rättsprocessen och säkerställer barnperspektivet.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur en samrådsgrupp bestående av polis, åklagare, barn- och ungdomspsykiatri samt socialtjänst i ett Barnahus, ser på samverkan i samråd.

    Metod: Studiens empiri baseras på fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer samt två deltagande observationer. Den första av intervjuerna hölls som en pilotundersökning av vilka områden som skulle utforskas mer detaljerat, i de resterande intervjuerna. Informanterna har valts utifrån sin professionstillhörighet och deltagande i ett Barnahus samråd och analysen av intervjuerna har kodats och tematiserats utifrån vad informanterna framhöll som viktigt i samverkan.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar på faktorer i samverkan som förutom sina egenskaper som hindrande eller gynnande även visar på skapandet av handlingsutrymme och gemensam jurisdiktion. Även en skyddande funktion för socialsekreterare kunde identifieras och diskuteras i slutdiskussionen. Vidare forskning föreslås gällande socialsekreterares upplevelse av användning av Barnahus som skyddande och rådgivande funktion avseende trygghet och coping genom delat ansvar.

  • Bengtsson, Simon
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Nyholm, Carl
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Kortfilm - födkrok eller språngbräda?: En undersökning om de digitala plattformarnas påverkan på distributionen av svensk kortfilm2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intent of this paper is to examine the conditions for Swedish filmmakers with the short film format as final goal. Through a qualitative study we investigate what paths there are for distributing short films through the digital platforms available today. We do this by interviewing some of the most experienced and successful short film creators in Sweden and one of Sweden's main financier in film creation, to provide as just image of the branch as we can.

    Short films with financing from the state and regional financiers rarely has any focus on economic gain. They are rather intended to help form filmmakers and give them an opportunity to establish themselves prior to further filmmaking.

    The main digital platform in Sweden is SVT Play, witch is much based on the fact that SVT is part of sponsoring a big part of the government financed short films. The greatest problem we found is the availability for short films through digital platforms, since SVT Play most often has exclusive rights and only buy viewing rights during periods.

    When you want to distribute your short film, the most important aspect is the context, the film should not only appeal the audience it reaches but it also has to appeal the audience in the situation where it reaches them.

  • Johansson, Angelica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Bergstrand, Christel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Stereotypa normer och normöverskridningar i bilderboken: En bilderboksanalys av sex bilderböcker i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bilderboken är något som finns närvarande för många barn under deras uppväxt. Simonsson (2006) hävdar att det finns ett stort behov att producera ny kunskap kring bilderboksanvändandet i förskolan. Odenbring (2015) förklarar i sin forskning att bilderböcker med karaktärer som överskrider normer har blivit allt mer framträdande. Det var därför intresseväckande att analysera bilderböcker i dagens förskola utifrån stereotypa normer och normöverskridningar.

    Syfte: Syfte med studien är att undersöka stereotypa normer och normöverskridningar i bilderböcker i relation till förskollärarens bokurval.

    Frågeställningar: Våra frågeställningar är: På vilka sätt framställs normer och normöverskridningar i de bilderböcker som läses på förskolan? Hur förklarar förskollärarna sitt bokurval utifrån stereotypa normer och normöverskridningar?

    Metod: Bilderboksobservation utfördes för att fastställa tre förskolors bokutbud. Bilderboksanalys utfördes på sex bilderböcker. Nikolajevas (2004) abstrakta schema för manligt och kvinnligt användes för att synliggöra stereotypa normer och normöverskridningar i bilderboken. Intervju med fyra förskollärare genomfördes för att fastställa medvetenheten om stereotypa normer och normöverskridningar i förskolan.

    Resultat: Bilderböckerna i deltagande förskolor för studien erbjöd barnen både stereotyp och normöverskridande barnlitteratur. Intervjuerna visade att förskollärarnas bokurval styrdes av barnens behov, tematiskt arbete och eget intresse. Normöverskridningar var ingen faktor som styrde bokurvalet. Samtliga förskollärare bekräftade att bokbussen fanns tillgänglig att ta kontakt med för att specificera sitt bokurval.

  • Pascolo, Vanessa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Agovic, Ilda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Hur samverkan mellan primärvård och hemsjukvård fungerar i praktiken: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: During the last decades, advancements has been made in medicine and medical technology which has made it possible to care for elderly persons with multi morbidity in their own homes. The fact that the average length of in-hospital stay has become shorter is also a factor in that home health care has become more common. The medical responsibility for patients in home health care is divided between the home health care organization and the primary care provider, which makes collaboration between these two organizations an important and necessary part of the nurses' job. Ongoing care coordination and collaboration between primary care and home health care is generally described as poor and as an area that requires improvement. Therefore it is important to study nurses' experiences of collaboration in practice.

    Aim: To describe nurses' experiences of collaboration between primary care and home health care. Method: A semi-structured interview study was conducted with eleven nurses from four health centers and five home health care units in western Sweden. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the data.Results: The nurses' experiences of collaboration in practice showed that the medical rounds were a central part of collaboration, that there was a lack of distinct ways of communication and that both organizations were dependent on each other. The results also showed that regulatory systems affected collaboration, that there were boundaries and grey zones between the organizations, that the organizations used different solutions to replace collaboration and that it was important to have knowledge of the other organization.

    Conclusion: Because the organizations were dependent on each other to give care to the patient and there was a lack of distinct ways of communication, personal relationships became a facilitator for collaboration. Different strategies were used to bypass the obstacles in collaboration.

  • Adolphs, Svenja
    et al.
    University of Nottingham, School of English, University Park, NG7 2RD, UK.
    Clark, Leigh
    University College Dublin, School of Information and Communication Studies, Dublin, Ireland.
    Dörnyei, Zoltan
    University of Nottingham, School of English, University Park, NG7 2RD, UK.
    Glover, Tony
    University of Nottingham, School of Computer Science, Jubilee Campus, NG8 1BB, UK.
    Henry, Alastair
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Muir, Christine
    University of Nottingham, School of English, University Park, NG7 2RD, UK.
    Sánchez-Lozano, Enrique
    University of Nottingham, School of Computer Science, Jubilee Campus, NG8 1BB, UK.
    Valstar, Michel
    University of Nottingham, School of Computer Science, Jubilee Campus, NG8 1BB, UK.
    Digital innovations in L2 motivation: Harnessing the power of the Ideal L2 Self2018In: System (Linköping), ISSN 0346-251X, E-ISSN 1879-3282, Vol. 78, p. 173-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustained motivation is crucial to learning a second language (L2), and one way to support this can be through the mental visualisation of ideal L2 selves (Dörnyei & Kubanyiova, 2014). This paper reports on an exploratory study which investigated the possibility of using technology to create representations of language learners' ideal L2 selves digitally. Nine Chinese learners of L2 English were invited to three semi-structured interviews to discuss their ideal L2 selves and their future language goals, as well as their opinions on several different technological approaches to representing their ideal L2 selves. Three approaches were shown to participants: (a) 2D and 3D animations, (b) Facial Overlay, and (c) Facial Mask. Within these, several iterations were also included (e.g. with/without background or context). Results indicate that 3D animation currently offers the best approach in terms of realism and animation of facial features, and improvements to Facial Overlay could lead to beneficial results in the future. Approaches using the 2D animations and the Facial Mask approach appeared to have little future potential. The descriptive details of learners' ideal L2 selves also provide preliminary directions for the development of content that might be included in future technology-based interventions.

  • Henry, Alastair
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Thorsen, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Disaffection and agentic engagement: ‘Redesigning’ activities to enable authentic self-expression2018In: Language Teaching Research, ISSN 1362-1688, E-ISSN 1477-0954Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Demotivation (Dörnyei & Ushioda, 2011) and non-participation (Norton, 2001) characterise negative responses to classroom practice of a generally chronic nature. In this article, focus is directed to negativity that emerges within the context of a particular language developing activity, and which can be understood as a situated response to the activity's demands. In conceptualizing negative responses at the activity level, disaffection – the negative face of engagement – is a construct of central importance. Drawing on data from a large-scale ethnographic project in secondary English classrooms in Sweden, in this exploratory case study disaffection (Skinner, 2016) is examined in the context of two language developing activities. Analyses reveal that disaffection can transform into active engagement, and that when called upon to perform an inauthentic identity, students can 'redesign' activities in ways that enable them to act authentically.