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  • Karlsson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Karlsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Gustafsson, Kristoffer
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Laga kraft vinning för lovärenden enligt PBL (2010:900)2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Each municipality in Sweden must have a local building committee. The committee consists of elected politicians responsible for managing the permit process related to construction, dem-olition and ground processing. The committee manages the permit process by delegating the entire task or parts of it to employed officials. If there is no delegation the officials will write a suggested decision to be reviewed and decided by the committee.

    This essay investigates construction-, demolition- and ground processing permit where the of-ficials and the local building committee differ in their decisions and the assessment which led to these decisions. The examination included studies of four municipalities in the county of Västra Götaland: two smaller, Färgelanda and Munkedal municipalities, and two larger, Trollhättan and Uddevalla. The investigation consisted of two parts. One examination of the permit protocols, and a series of interviews with officials. During 2015 there were 1386 cases of permits within the four municipalities. 23 of these were cases of the committee not deciding in accordance with the proposition of the officials. A number of errors were also found, such as there not being a stated reason for the decision, or lack of any clear legal reference. This raises the question of whether or not the rule of law is followed during these circumstances.

    After consulting with Ulrika Nolåker from Byggutbildarna, the issues were expanded further when it was discovered that more errors occur during the municipal management of the con-cerned parties and the announcements of the cases. In order to receive further guidance, knowledge and information on how to interpret the laws handling concerned parties and an-nouncements, contact was made with Ulf Jensen and Eidar Lindgren, professor in real estate science at Högskolan Väst, and lecturer of real estate sciences at Kungliga Tekniska Högsko-lan, respectively.

    The conclusions of the examination is that the building committee puts a lot of responsibility on the officials through delegations. The cases when there is no delegation and the case is decided by the committee are few. The reasons why the proposition and the final decision not always matches is due to different factors such as different knowledge or different assessments. Neither the committee nor the officials are consistent with the law referencing in the decisions. The municipality cannot guarantee that every concerned party have been given the chance to give their opinion, when some of them use what’s called "silent agreement". Only three of the cases has the municipality received and opinion from every concerned party. None of the cases has been announced in the correct time and two has not been announced at all.

  • Khunti, Reshma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Khunti, Reshma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lulaj, Adelina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Social utsatta barn: förskollärarnas och socialtjänstens syn och arbete om socialt utsatta barn2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I vår undersökning har vi intervjuat två socialsekreterare och nio förskolelärare i Trollhättans kommun. Våra frågeställningar är hur socialtjänsten och förskolan ser på barn som utsätts och lever i socialt utsatta situationer och hur deras samverkan ser ut. Undersökningen visade att synen de har på socialt utsatta barn ser olika ut. Social utsatthet kan innebära psykisk eller fysisk misshandel, sexuell utsatthet och ekonomisk utsatthet. När det handlar om ekonomisk utsatthet innebär det att barnet lever i en utsatt situation, medan ett barn som blir fysisk, psykisk eller sexuellt misshandlar blir utsatt till social utsatthet. Undersökningen visade även hur viktigt personalen från socialtjänsten och förskolelärarna anser att förskolan är för de barn som blir socialt utsatta. De anser att dessa barn bör få mer tid i förskolan om det skulle behövas för att de ska komma ifrån den negativa miljön och få vara barn. När det kommer till samverkan mellan förskolan och socialtjänsten så visade det sig att förskollärarna de inte har tillräckligt med samverkan. För förskolans del är det bara envägskommunikation, de anmäler om de misstänker att ett barn är socialt utsatt, sedan får de ingen återkoppling. Den enda kommunaktionen förskolan och socialtjänsten har är när förskolelärare ville rådfråga personalen från socialtjänsten, men förskolelärarna föredrog helst att prata med förskolans kurator eller socialpedagog om de ville ha råd.

  • Cukur, Adnan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Cukur, Adnan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Adoption of ERP system for operations management in SMEs2016In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016 / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016, 1-10 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The fast development of the IT in the society of today has led to that more SMEs rely on ERP systems. Especially, IT has facilitated the management of the flow of goods within and between organizations and have made lead times more effective and also have increased the overview of the flow of goods. This will help SMEs obtain a competitive advantage. The aim of this paper is analyze the factors influencing SMEs adoption of ERP systems. A qualitative case study is conducted within a company which both is engaged in manufacturing and project work. The company runs service projects for its customers and at the same time they produce articles both for sale and for use within the service projects. An ERP system can also serve as an overall system for the administration, the production and inventory management in the company. However, there are important factors to take into account in the adoption phase, related to the technological infrastructure, the organizational challenges as well as environmental relations in order to decide on an implementation on an ERP system. It is of a critical importance that the SME really change their routines in order to follow the processes implemented in the ERP system. Otherwise, the company runs the risk to be stuck in its previous and ineffective inventory management processes, regardless of investments in the ERP system and the technological infrastructure.

  • Rehan, Arbab
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West. Uddeholms AB, SE-683 85, Hagfors, Sweden.
    Rehan, Arbab
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West. Uddeholms AB, SE-683 85, Hagfors, Sweden.
    Medvedeva, Anna
    Uddeholms AB, SE-683 85, Hagfors, Sweden. .
    Svensson, Lars-Erik
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Welding Technology.
    Karlsson, Leif
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Welding Technology.
    Effects of Austenitisation Temperature and Multiple Tempering on the Microstructure and Impact Toughness of a 5 wt. % Cr Cold Work Tool Steel2016In: 10th TOOL Conference, Tool, conference proceedings, 10th TOOL Conference , 2016, 1-10 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The microstructure and properties of a 5 wt.% Cr cold work tool steel were studied after austenitisation at 1020°C, 1050°C or 1075°C followed by single, double and triple tempering treatments at 525°C. The microstructures were investigated with scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction and phase transformations were studied by dilatometry. Furthermore, hardness and Charpy un-notched and V-notched impact toughness testing was performed and results were correlated to observed microstructures. With higher austenitisation temperature, the martensite and bainite start temperatures were lowered resulting in microstructures containing a higher volume fraction of retained austenite. Retained austenite transformed into martensite on cooling from the tempering temperature. Specimens that were austenitised at 1050°C or 1075°C and tempered twice contained fresh martensite. Applying a third tempering was therefore required to guarantee a fully tempered microstructure. The second tempering resulted in an increase of the un-notched impact energy while the third tempering did not have a pronounced effect. A triple tempering procedure could be preferable when austenitising at high temperatures to avoid undesirable fresh martensite in the tool microstructure.

  • Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundin, Johan
    Gothenburg University, Applied Information Technology.
    Designing for Co-Care: Design values for self-care platforms2016In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016. / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016, 1-19 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cancer rehabilitation is an urgent research area. In Europe there are approximately 20 million people that have survived cancer and in Sweden the number exceeds 400.000. It is vital that patients take a more active part in their cancer rehabilitation but for that to happen, the technology used, needs to be anchored with the patients. Additionally, existing practices can be reluctant to take on self-care as a part of the care, mostly because they lack technology to take on the patient's self-care data. This paper builds on design ethnography and reports on the design process of a digital self-care platform for a cancer rehabilitation clinic where nurses, patients and oncology researchers have collaborated in the design process from start. The paper reports on how digital self-care can be designed to be a fully integrated part of existing care relationship. Based on the design process, four design values were identified,design values that are central to gain acceptance from both patients and clinical practitioners.

  • Karlsson, Jan-Olof
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Karlsson, Jan-Olof
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Johanson, Birgitta
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Professional E-Therapy in a Low Budget Setting2016In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016. Ljungskile, Sweden, August 7-10, 2016 / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016, 2016, 1-11 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mindfulness based stress reduction was mediated as e-therapy to a group of patients suffering from mental fatigue. The e-therapy was arranged using standard video conferencing software and web cameras without any studio capacity. During sessions all interaction with participants was handled by psychology professionals. This study shows that it is possible for non-technical specialists to arrange an advanced e-therapy using a low budget setting

  • Runnemalm, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Runnemalm, Anna
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Broberg, Patrik
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Garcia de la Yedra, Aitor
    IK4-LORTEK, Ordizia, Spain.
    Fuente, Raquel
    IK4-LORTEK, Ordizia, Spain.
    Beizama, Ane Miren
    IK4-LORTEK, Ordizia, Spain.
    Fernandez, Erik
    IK4-LORTEK, Ordizia, Spain.
    Thorpe, Nigel
    Tecnitest ingenieros, Madrid, Spain.
    Henriksson, Per
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems Sweden, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Automated inspection of welds with limited access by use of active thermography with laser line excitation2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Inspection of welds for detecting surface breaking defects is traditionally performed by using NDT methods such as Fluorescent Penetrant Inspection, Visual Inspection or Eddy Current. All those well-known techniques have drawbacks, as they need access to the surface, either for preparation with e.g. liquids or for using contact probes. Traditional methods also require a skilled operator to carry out the inspection, and moreover to analyse the obtained results. Furthermore, for the inspection of welds with limited access, the use of those traditional methods is even more complex, resulting in increased inspection time and reduced detection capability or in worst case, areas impossible to inspect. Therefore, the development of a fully automated non-contact method overcoming these limitations is desired. ;Active thermography is a novel NDT technique for weld inspection. The method has shown promising results for replacing traditional techniques when it comes to detection of surface breaking defects in metals. The method make use of an excitation source in order to heat the sample in a controlled manner during the test, and an infrared thermal camera for recordings of the thermal evolution. ;In this work, an automated solution developed and demonstrated for inspection of welds in a jet-engine component with limited access is presented. The NDT system is mounted on an industrial robot, making it possible to automatic scan the inspected area. The system consists of a, continuous laser-line excitation source together with a FLIR SC 655 microbolometer thermographic camera. In order to access limited areas, two polished aluminium mirrors have been used for both infrared radiation monitoring and laser excitation respectively. A solution for automatic analysing, defect detection and sizing is also included and presented.

  • Grigoryan, Aghunik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Grigoryan, Aghunik
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Hansson, Natalie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Kvinnan och pressen En jämförande analys av hur kvinnan konstrueras och gestaltas i skrift under det senaste seklet2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Genus och jämställdhet har varit ett omtalat och debatterat ämne och fått mer utrymme i pressen sedan 1960-talet. Det senaste 30 åren har genusforskningen skjutit i höjden där forskare har undersökts hur genuskonstruktionen på olika sätt ge-staltas i text samt samhällets påverkan på genusdiskurser.

    Syfte: Det övergripande syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka genusdiskurser och om det har skett någon förändring i det valda materialet under tid.

    Metod: En jämförande språkvetenskaplig studie baserad på fyra artiklar från Dagens Nyheter (1900, 1950, 1976, 1992) och en från Göteborgs-Posten (1923) där Faircloughs modell för kritisk diskursanalys används.

    Resultat: Under analysen framkom det att det finns gemensamma teman i de grans-kade artiklarna. Alla artiklar innehåller någon form av konflikt när det gäller kvinnor. Kvinnorna konstrueras ofta som offer som bär skam. Men det framkommer att kvin-norna vill ha sin röst hörd och arbetar för sin självständighet. Från texten av 1992 syns det en utveckling där kvinnan konstrueras som hjältinna och kunnig att komma ur svårhanterliga situationer på egen hand. Det kan tolkas som att samhällssynen på kvin-nan och kvinnans ställning börjar utvecklas från en konservativ inställning till en pro-gressiv inställning.

  • Mauléon, Christina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Mauléon, Christina
    University of Gothenburg.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    On the intended and unintended consequences of the enactment of digital management control systems in Swedish Schools2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate the enactment of digital management control systems in Swedish schools and what intended and unintended consequences, both short-term and longterm, this may have on individual-, organizational- and societal levels. A pilot study has been conducted and the results show how the enactment of an incident reporting system (one type of digital management control system) in a Swedish school resulted in unintended and even harmful consequences for the students. Combining relational theory with the frameworks of translation and enactment in studies of technology in use provides support in our investigation of how technology is inextricably intertwined in the continuous shaping and re-shaping of organizational practice.

  • Granbom, Ingrid
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Granbom, Ingrid
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lundström, Marita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Andersson Sellén, Per (Contributor)
    Stenungsunds kommun.
    Barns och elevers övergångar mellan olika skolformer2016Report (Other academic)