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  • Holm, Susanne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Ett steg framåt: Om betydelsen av arbetslivsinriktade projekt för människor med utomnordisk bakgrund2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bern, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Saltell, Mikaela
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Motivation till livsstilsförändringar: en utmaning för distriktssköterskan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hypertension increases all over the world and with the disease there is a risk för complications and personal suffering. The treatment involves lifestyle changes and pharmacological treatment. The district nurse has an important role in care of patients with hypertension and through health interviews, the district nurse can create possibilities for lifestyle changes. Motivation plays an essential role in implementing lifestyle changes and it varies in between individuals.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to examine district nurse's perceptions of what motivates and what creates obstacles and holds back patients with hypertension to implement lifestyle changes.

    Method: Eight district nurses who on daily bases worked with patients with hypertension and lifestyle changes were interviewed. The interviews were analyzed by qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach to reach the aim of the study.

    Results: The district nurses experienced that both positive as well as negative factors were found to have an impact on a patient's motivation for lifestyle changes. These factors were both found in the district nurse and in the patient. The patient's inner drive force and the district nurse's professionalism created conditions for patients to implement lifestyle changes while as a patient's own negative attitude and a district nurse's lack of commitment and understanding created barriers for patients to implement lifestyle changes.

    Conclusion: The district nurses experienced that both the district nurse and the patient's involvement in health interviews influenced the patient's motivation for lifestyle changes.

  • Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Purao, Sandeep
    Information and Process Management, Bentley University, USA.
    Rossi, Matti
    Information Systems, Aalto University, Finland.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Action Design Research as a Method-in-Use: Problems and Opportunities2017In: Designing the Digital Transformation: DESRIST 2017 Research in Progress Proceedings / [ed] Maedche, Alexander [Hrsg.]; Brocke, Jan vom [Hrsg.]; Hevner, Alan [Hrsg.], Karlsruhe: KIT Publishers, 2017, 110-118 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the results of a study to investigate how scholars engage with and use the action design research (ADR) approach. ADR has been acknowledged as an important variant of the Design Science Research approach, and has been adopted by a number of scholars, as the methodological basis for doctoral dissertations as well as multidisciplinary research projects. With thisuse, the research community is learning about how to apply ADR's central tenets in different contexts. In this paper, we draw on primary data from researchers who have recently engaged in or finished an ADR project to identify recurring problems and opportunities related to working in different ADR stages, balancing demands from practice and research, and addressing problem instance vs. class of problems. Our work contributes a greater understanding of how ADR projects are carried out in practice, how researchers use ADR, and pointers to possibilities for extending ADR.

  • Haldorsen, Alexandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Urban fantasy i litteraturundervisningen på gymnasiet: En studie om lärares inställning till genren i litteraturundervisningen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Lärare anser att det är svårt att välja litteratur till sina elever och att det är viktigt att känna dem och deras intressen för att kunna göra det. Forskning visar att genren urban fantasy kan erbjuda mycket från olika aspekter. Genren arbetar med olika folksagor och mytologier samtidigt som det finns flera olika sätt för läsarna att identifiera och utveckla sig själva, framförallt för kvinnliga läsare eftersom många böcker inom urban fantasy har starka kvinnliga karaktärer. Mötet med det okända och introduceringen av det övernaturliga kan ses som metaforer för sådant som gymnasieungdomarna går igenom, vägen in till vuxenlivet. Syfte: Denna undersökning syftade till att undersöka vilken inställning lärare har till genren urban fantasy i litteraturundervisningen i svenska. Metod: En kvantitativ metod användes med kvalitativa inslag i form av öppna svarsalternativ. En webbenkät publicerades i en grupp för svensklärare på det sociala nätverket Facebook. Baserat på enkäten skapades två variabler som mätte lärarnas inställning och dessa variabler analyserades med oberoende envägs Anova för att undersöka om det fanns skillnader mellan kön och mellan vilka programformer lärarna arbetade på. De öppna frågorna analyserades tematiskt. Resultat: Det var 21 kvinnor och 11 män som deltog i studien varav 41 % av deltagarna uppgav att de har använt genren urban fantasy i sin undervisning och hälften av deltagarna angav att de själva läser urban fantasy. Lärarna hade en positiv inställning till genren och det fanns inga signifikanta skillnader mellan könen. Det fanns en signifikant skillnad mellan programmen där de lärare som arbetar på de yrkesförberedande programmen hade en mer positiv inställning till de möjligheter urban fantasy kan ge eleverna och de undervisningsområden lärarna kan tänka sig att arbeta inom gentemot de lärare som arbetar lika mycket på de yrkes- och studieförberedande programmen. Analysen visade att lärarna ansåg att genren urban fantasy går att använda i litteraturundervisningen.

  • Karlsson, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Tullock, Hanna
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    User perceptions of belt in seat installations: A comfort and mobility study2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis' work has been conducted at and made possible by Autoliv Sverige AB in Vårgårda. The aim of this thesis is to study how the occupant experience of the belt changes when it is moved from a traditional installation point in the car's B-pillar, to the seat. This shall be studied in terms of how the perceived comfort is influenced by a belt in seat in an upright and a reclined seat back position of 20 and 45 degrees, for different sizes of occupants. Also how the ability to reach a belt in seat is affected by the size and mobility of the occupant. Based on this new knowledge, an optimal outlet position for a belt in seat shall be proposed, from a comfort perspective. The work has used a cross-sectional research approach to achieve its purpose. Through the cross-sectional approach, several different qualitative and quantitative methods have been used. Initially, a literature study where subjects relevant to the forthcoming study was studied. Meanwhile, a competitive analysis of existing belt in seat installations in new cars available on the market was planned and carried out. In the main element of this work, a two-part comfort and mobility study with a belt in seat was performed. The study combined the methods interview, survey and observation. Through the interview, qualitative questions were asked as a complement to the quantitative responses given by the test subjects on scales in the survey. Observations were used to observe the subjects' behavior and difficulties regarding the belt in seat. A major limitation of the results of the study is the deficient distribution of sitting heights and genders in the group of test subjects, which founded a certain bias in the results. This has been the reason why it has not been possible to draw any certain conclusions from the results, however, some trends have been seen. The comfort study revealed several different assessments of the belt that contributed to discomfort, including the perception of the belt being too close to the neck or too far out on the shoulder. Additionally, the discomfort significantly impaired when the seat was reclined to the relaxed state. The mobility study showed that more subjects felt limited by their own bodies in the movement than by the belt. In addition did the reversed belt geometry create large discomfort issues at the neck. An important conclusion of this thesis is that the seat's design is as important to the customer experience of discomfort of the belt as the positioning of the outlet. It has also become clear that the accessibility of a belt in seat is strongly limited, as it was tested in this study.

  • Villarroel, Jeanette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Stridh, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Vi kämpar för något, vi är förortssoldater: En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars upplevelser av polisens agerande tiden före samt under upploppet i Kronogården2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We are fighting for something; we are soldiers of the suburb. It's a reoccurring phenomenon that the young people in the suburbs around Sweden and around the world starts riots and for different reasons it creates a reaction where they go to attack against the police. The purpose of this essay is to uplift and take a part of the voice of the youth from Kronogården, and furthermore get a deeper understanding of the experience that the young people got from law enforcement both during and after the riots on the 31/8 – 2/9 2016. As a demarcation we have chosen to focus on the youth living in Kronogården that have participated or were present during the riots. This study was conducted in Hermeneuticphenomenological research approach with qualitative interviews. The ground of the study is emphasizing the interviews from 6 young persons from the ages 16-24. The essay is analyzed with help from previous researched and relevant theoretic notions. The notions we use in this essay are power, social cohesion and stigma, so that we can get a deeper understanding and accurate interpretations of the young people's experiences. In the result it appears that the youth feel harassed and unfairly treated by the police in comparison to other young people living in other neighborhood's and that their action against the police is actually a reaction to the treatment from law enforcement. Their way of expressing a discontent and frustration and a way to get heard. It also appears to be several different perceptions about the police and their conduct, depending if it's the community police or an outside law enforcement. Furthermore it also show that the community Kronogården has an enormous impact both emotional and physical on the people, they have sense of belonging and a very strong cohesion between the residents and they feel that media is a huge contribution to the negative interpretation of both the young people that live there and of the community as a whole.

  • Persson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Reinesdotter, Therese
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Distriktssjuksköterskans erfarenheter av hälsofrämjande samtal med föräldrar till överviktiga barn inom barnhälsovården2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Weight issues in children are a growing global health problem. Overweight and obese children are one of the greatest public health challenges we face nowadays. In health promotion, the child's healthy lifestyle is of great importance to their health and development. ISO BMI over 25 is defined as overweight and ISO BMI over 30 is defined as obese. The District nurse assists, supports and guides parents to make responsible decisions for their children, and their own health. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the district nurse's experiences and practices of giving health advice to parents with overweight children. METHOD: The study had a qualitative approach. The study was based on individual interviews, with ten participants. Data analysis was then done using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: District nurses had, in many cases, similar experiences of health calls. The reactions they received from the parents were varied. Because of the various reactions, the district nurse was required to adapt her/his working and personal tools. The present form of communicating also had impediments and difficulties were experienced in health calls. CONCLUSION: District Nurses working in the area of health promotion faced several difficulties. These places a high requirement on her/his knowledge and puts demands on her to deal with these challenges.

  • Klang, Mikaela
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Overbridging linguistic barriers in Namibian healthcare2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Namibia there are a lot of different native languages even if the official language is English. Since communication is an important tool for nurses and studies about communication across language barriers mostly is done in western countries, there is need for more knowledge regarding the nurse's experience with language barriers in multilingual and multicultural context, like Namibia. Aim: To describe the experiences of Namibian nurses caring for patients who speak another native language. Method: Qualitative interviews were held with four nurses and one student nurse at Katutura State hospital in Windhoek, Namibia. Results: Two themes with subthemes were identified in the results. The first theme, Establishing the patient-nurse relationship, describes the importance of trust for communication and what the interviewees found important when creating a bond with the patient. The other theme, Establishing the communication, describes the importance of interpretation and how they tackled the language barrier. Conclusion: When meeting a patient with another native language it is of great importance to establish trust with the patient and that interpreters are used. The use of sublingual nurses, who found interpreting to be a natural part of their work, was beneficial.

  • Brömssen, Kerstin von
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Some ethnic Swedish students’ discourses on religion: secularism par excellence2017In: Journal of Religious Education, ISSN 2199-4625, 1-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Having been almost abandoned during the latter part of the 1900s, religion and youth is currently a growing field of research in Europe. Since people thought that secularisation would eradicate religion as a phenomenon, there was obviously no major reason to investigate young people’s attitudes towards religion. Since that time, the understanding of the world and its complex relationship with religion has changed, and this now attracts much discussion. In Europe, this not only concerns religion and youth among different migrant groups, but also research on religion and youth of those born and raised in Europe itself and integrated into the historic majority. The aim of this paper is to revisit and reanalyse the results of two qualitative research projects based on interviews with young students in schools who identify themselves as Swedish. I analyze their discursive constructions on their own religion and the religions of ‘others’. The data point towards a strong secularist discourse, where the Swedish students identify themselves as having a modern and rational worldview. On the other hand, they regard religion and religious people as old-fashioned and irrational. The focus in this article concerns articulations constructing this overarching secularist discourse, which I discuss in light of the contemporary debate on secularisation and secularism. However, most of the young students in the research appreciated the subject of Religious Education in Sweden as a means towards understanding the world. This was especially so in discussions on Religious Education with upper secondary school students, whereas younger students found religion to be more boring and traditional; thus the subject having difficulties in relating to the younger students’ experiences.

  • Johansson, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Borneskär, Sara
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Från plan till verklighet: En helhetsbild av genomförandeprocessen för allmän plats, med enskilt huvudmannaskap2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study comprises four case studies, in the form of detailed plans from the three municipalities in Västra Götaland. The detailed individual has principal responsibility in a public place, and each case study includes a survey and analysis of the implementation process of a public place. Documents that have been reviewed are flat map, planning and implementation description, contract (development agreements / land use agreements) and ordinances. Finally a visit was performed in each planning area, by a visual inspection. Preliminary work, SOU 's, lagkommentarer, Propositions and previous studies focusing on individual principal on public places, has been read to get a knowledge base for the study. Older laws have been studied, such as the elderly Planning and Building Act 1987, in order to know the legislation of the detailed plans that are subject of the study. The study has its origins from two theses from the year 2012, which covered a similar subject. The difference in this study is that the agreements been added as an additional document, to create an overall picture of the implementation process of a public place with a single principal responsibility. Qualitative method with a hermeneutic approach has been used, where text interpretation has been the central approach, to understand the municipality's underlying intentions for public places. Analyses of the text documents have been conducted to investigate whether they contain the same issues. The aim was to see how the implementation process is complex, and how clearly municipality ensures its intentions for the general location of the plane map into reality. In completed case studies we have seen that municipalities use the agreement to partially regulate the design of public space, and only partial use of the possibility to enter the planning regulations on the design of plan map. We have also seen that the intentions in the general location plan map, doesn´t always agree with the planning and implementation descriptions. Despite this, the site visits revealed that the facilities for the public space is implemented in accordance with the plan map. The experience we had with us is that site visits are an important part in contact with the plans. Site visits gave us a better understanding of the municipality's intentions when text documents interpreted, and assess accessibility in public places. It's something we think should be used more, even when new detailed plans drawn up. The implementation process from plan to reality is a complex process. The process includes several different parts, where communication between officials is important to intentions of zoning should not to change or fall away. The municipality should therefore monitor each document established in the implementation process, to ensure the intentions and reduce the chance that reality will not be that the municipality has planned.

  • Rastad, Cecilia
    et al.
    Center for Clinical Research Dalarna (CKF), Falun, Sweden.
    Wetterberg, Lennart
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, at St. Göran, Stockholm, Sweden and Strömstad Academy, Strömstad, Sweden.
    Martin, Cathrin
    Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Patients´ Experience of Winter Depression and Light Room Treatment2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. There is a need for more knowledge on the effects of light room treatment in patients with Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) and to explore patients´ subjective experience of the disease and the treatment.Methods. This was a descriptive and explorative study applying qualitative content analysis. A purposeful sample of 18 psychiatric out- patients with a major depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern according to the DSM-IV and a pre-treatment score >12 on the 9-item Montgomery-Åsberg Depression self-rating scale was included (10 women and 8 men, aged 24-65 years). All patients had completed light room treatment (> 7/10 consecutive weekdays). Data was collected two weeks post-treatment using a semi-structured interview guide.Results. Patients described a profound struggle to adapt to seasonal changes during the winter. Everyday life was affected with reduced work capacity, social withdrawal and disturbed relations with family and friends. Different individual signs and symptoms marked the onset of the seasonal depression. The light room treatment resulted in a radical and rapid change for the better, with only mild and transient side effects. Patients worried about the risk of not being able to receive the light room treatment in future possible relapses.Discussion. The patients experienced a clear seasonal pattern with deterioration in sleep, daily rhythms, energy level, mood, activity and cognitive functioning. Light room treatment was described as one of the most effective and personally important coping strategies available, with improvement in all the major symptoms. The results indicate that light room treatment is essential for some patients´ ability to cope with winter depression.

  • Kandpal, Tara C.
    et al.
    Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi – 110016 (India), and Strömstad Academy, SE-45280 Strömstad (Sweden).
    Broman, Lars
    Strömstad Akademi.
    Activities in Renewable Energy for School Children2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Renewable energy education is an important aspect when developing renewable energy. This applies to school level, university level, technical and mechanical training, educating policy makers, project developers, educators, and common public. In this report, we discuss the importance of laboratory work when teaching renewable energy. We have also included a large number of examples in renewable energy school activities are presented.

  • Kandpal, Tara C.
    et al.
    Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi – 110016 (India).
    Broman, Lars
    Strömstad Akademi.
    Renewable Energy Education for the Future2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Renewable energy education is an important aspect when developing renewable energy. This applies to school level, university level, technical and mechanical training, educating policy makers, project developers, educators, and common public. In this report, a large number of issues and challenges in renewable energy education are addressed. We have also included a fair number of recommendations for development of good renewable energy courses.

  • Glorieux, Emile
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Multi-Robot Motion Planning Optimisation for Handling Sheet Metal Parts2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Motion planning for robot operations is concerned with path planning and trajectory generation. In multi-robot systems, i.e. with multiple robots operating simultaneously in a shared workspace, the motion planning also needs to coordinate the robots' motions to avoid collisions between them. The multi-robot coordination decides the cycle-time for the planned paths and trajectories since it determines to which extend the operations can take place simultaneously without colliding. To obtain the quickest cycle-time, there needs to bean optimal balance between, on the one hand short paths and fast trajectories, and on the other hand possibly longer paths and slower trajectories to allow that the operations take place simultaneously in the shared workspace. Due to the inter-dependencies, it becomes necessary to consider the path planning, trajectory generation and multi-robot coordination together as one optimisation problem in order to find this optimal balance.This thesis focusses on optimising the motion planning for multi-robot material handling systems of sheet metal parts. A methodology to model the relevant aspects of this motion planning problem together as one multi-disciplinary optimisation problem for Simulation based Optimisation (SBO) is proposed. The identified relevant aspects include path planning,trajectory generation, multi-robot coordination, collision-avoidance, motion smoothness, end-effectors' holding force, cycle-time, robot wear, energy efficiency, part deformations, induced stresses in the part, and end-effectors' design. The cycle-time is not always the (only) objective since it is sometimes equally/more important to minimise robot wear, energy consumption, and/or part deformations. Different scenarios for these other objectives are therefore also investigated. Specialised single- and multi-objective algorithms are proposed for optimising the motion planning of these multi-robot systems. This thesis also investigates how to optimise the velocity and acceleration profiles of the coordinated trajectories for multi-robot material handling of sheet metal parts. Another modelling methodology is proposed that is based on a novel mathematical model that parametrises the velocity and acceleration profiles of the trajectories, while including the relevant aspects of the motion planning problem excluding the path planning since the paths are now predefined.This enables generating optimised trajectories that have tailored velocity and acceleration profiles for the specific material handling operations in order to minimise the cycle-time,energy consumption, or deformations of the handled parts.The proposed methodologies are evaluated in different scenarios. This is done for real world industrial case studies that consider the multi-robot material handling of a multi-stage tandem sheet metal press line, which is used in the automotive industry to produce the cars' body panels. The optimisation results show that significant improvements can be obtained compared to the current industrial practice.