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  • Johansson, Anders
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West. Global Industrial Development, Scania CV AB, Södertälje.
    Money talks while volume and value should run the show: An evaluation of financial parameters for decision making duringmanufacturing system acquisition2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Market economic values have for the last decades been given an increasing role with the establishment of financial institutes and global organisations with a capitalistic focus as a consequence. As a counter reaction, the concept of sustainable development has emerged complementing the economic focus with environmental and social aspects. However, there are still challenges on how to make balanced decisions based on all three view points and consequently the decision makers still primarily reside to the established tangible financial data. Within the industrial setting there is no difference. The manufacturing system design is based on multiple criteria and requirements, but commonly the final investment decision is primarily based on what can be financially justified. Longterm solutions probably lies in combining the tangible economy with the less tangible soft values that cannot be valued in monetary means. Therefore, to find this sweet spot, the purpose of this research is to in-depth investigate the world of economy, but from an engineers' point of view. A financial analysis is done to understand the economical components and how these are related to the manufacturing system. Furthermore, to connect cost with contributed value of the manufacturing system, a holistic business value chain analysis is done to ensure that less tangible aspects can be understood and utilised. The result of this research, highlights for example that sales volume has a larger impact on the manufacturing profitability, than that of the initial investment cost. Therefore, manufacturing systems should also be evaluated on the bases of how well it can meet the volatility in market demands. Another result presented is a portfolio of new graphical representation used as a support tool for investment decisions. Furthermore, to be able to invest in manufacturing systems that contribute to a more competitive company, the wider business value with manufacturing is discussed.

  • Hellström, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Malmbom Lång, Ellinor
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Tills döden skiljer oss åt: Anhörigas erfarenheter av specialiserade palliativa verksamheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To be the close relative of a terminally ill person, who is receiving special palliative care, is a life changing experience. According to the guide lines for palliative care both the patients and their family members have the right to support, and to be part of the caring process. For nurses to be able to meet the needs of relatives, understanding their experience of special palliative care is crucial.

    Aim: To highlight the family´s experience of palliative care from specialist palliative operations.

    Method: A method based on the analysis of qualitative research was used, in order to contribute to evidence-based care. Ten scientific articles were analysed.

    Results: Emotions of guilt and relief were common amongst family members. The family members experienced that the nurses where a safe harbor when the family members received the support they needed. Sometimes the family members felt as if their homes and their private sphere became a workplace.

    Conclusion: Honest, straight, and clear communication was of great importance. For family members to be able to ask nurses for help and to feel supported in different situations was also important. The physical symptoms of death approaching became symbols of grief and sorrow.

  • Carlsson, Mattias
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Systemanalys av eldistributionssystem på Preemraff Göteborg2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On behalf of the technology department at Preemraff, a system analysis of the electrical distribution system has been performed. The work consists of two parts, and its main purpose is to give a better knowledge of the plants status. In the first part, a model of the refinery’s electrical distribution system is built in a program for network analysis. The model is intended to help Preemraff’s technology department in both the daily operation but also for expansion projects and changes in the electrical distribution system. In the second part of the work, an analysis of a limited part of the plant is performed. The analysis consists of verification of short-circuit currents, selectivity and simulation of voltage drop during start of electrical motors. A rough check of free capacity in respective part of the plant is also performed.

    Theory to give the reader understanding of the various components function and mutual interaction is presented. Existing standards and their calculation methods are discussed. Additional attention is paid to calculation of short-circuits. The technical configuration of the electrical plant is introduced, followed by a description of the modelling with respect to suppositions and some special cases.

    The results show that the short-circuit currents are in an acceptable level in most part of the plant. In one switchgear, the short-circuit current are somewhat exceeded. Start of electrical engines does not contribute to a voltage drop above acceptable levels in the part of the plant that was investigated. With respect to selectivity the plant has the potential to achieve selective disconnection at most of the investigated points. It is shown that the present operation mode, with switched on breakers between the switchgears A- and B-side prevent selective disconnection. The selectivity analysis is performed with the premise that A- and B-side is sectioned. With those premises, it shows that some adjustment is needed to achieve good selectivity.

    The electric distribution system is mainly constructed to permit redundancy for the n-1 criteria. The results show that a few switchgears are loaded to the point that their transformers will be overloaded with a single transformer fault.

    At the end of the report, proposal on operation diversions that is considered to optimize the plant is given. Suggestions on investments that would improve the plant in an energy term perspective is also given.

  • Ekstrand, Charlotta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Löfgren, Emelie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Förslag till sammankoppling av distributionsnät över koncessionsgränsen mellan Trollhättan Energi Elnät AB och Uddevalla Energi Elnät AB2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor’s thesis has been carried out on behalf of Trollhättan Energi Elnät AB and Uddevalla Energi Elnät AB. This is a preliminary study of a possible interconnection between the two companies 12 kV electric power networks at the joint concession border in the rural area Öresjö. It’s the technical and economic aspects of an interconnection that has been studied.

    The tolerance for interruptions in the electricity supply is decreasing in society which requires high service reliability from the electricity network operators. Due to legal requirements the electricity network operators are obliged to compensate customers which are affected by unplanned interruptions longer than twelve hours. A possible interconnection would provide the operators with an additional stand-by supply in the area and thereby increase the service reliability.

    The interconnection of the two electricity grids is possible between the substations Hedetorpet and T185 Fiskaretorpet who are situated one kilometer from each other. Calculations have been carried out on the basis of two possible approaches with two different load currents, which shows that the two power grids have sufficient capacity to cope with an interconnection. The two electricity network operators will have to compensate for the increased ground fault currents in the electricity grid.

    The planned rout for the new line will follow the road 2027 and will consist of a 150 mm2 aluminum PEX-cable and a new substation containing a 100 kVA:s transformer. In order to avoid the application for line concession a high voltage cable cabinet could be placed on the concession line.

    The budget for an interconnection between the two electricity grids, which has been compiled from EBR's design directory P2, is estimated to 1.5 million SEK including an additional fee of 10 % for unforeseen costs.

  • Lindqvist, Erica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Heimdahl, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Kvinnors upplevelse och erfarenheter av att leva med urininkontinens: En situation att acceptera och anpassa sig efter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Urinary incontinence denotes an involuntary leakage from the bladder which can affect women of all ages, but leakage problems are often more common with rising age. It is a common issue, however there is a large unrecorded number of women who do not seek medical attention for their urinary incontinence. Urinary incontinence is very costly for the society because of the medical and social disability it causes the affected. Aim: To illuminate the experiences of women living with urinary incontinence Method: A literary study was done where nine scientific articles were examined and analyzed according to a five step model. Results: The women experienced their urinary incontinence as taboo and shameful. The issue was too intimate and private and therefore unnatural to talk about. Their leakage lead to fear and nervousness which made them end up in a vulnerable situation. This affected them on several emotional levels both psychosocial, psychological and physical. The women experienced an ignorance and a nonchalant attitude from their care providers which caused an hesitancy in their search of healthcare. They experienced that their bodies were unreliable which lead to a reduced spontaneity and restrictions in life. Conclusion: Urinary incontinence is not solely an issue with leaking urine, it is affecting the women's lives as a whole on many levels. The hindrance that the urinary incontinence caused the women on a daily basis made them feel a sense of loss and affected their joy and zest of life. It requires an improvement of healthcare praxis in order to meet these women in a professional and trustworthy manner.

  • Sjöström, Robin Rikard
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Påverkan på elkvaliteten i Lidköpings distributionsnät vid ökad mikroproduktion2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The community of Lidkoping have gained an increased interest for micro production in the form of solar energy. Citizens have started to install photovoltaic plants in their homes and the community has proposed goals towards an increased solar production of electricity. A study is demanded to investigate how an increased micro production can affect the power quality and how this can be prevented. The study includes measurements of the power quality, simulations and calculations. Due to the expected voltage fluctuations the increased micro production will contribute, a component of automatic voltage regulation is studied in order to prevent illicit levels of voltage.

    The power quality measurements are performed during November on two measuring objects with installed photovoltaic plants, one urban household and one rural farm. The measurements are used to study the power quality. Reports are also generated for comparison of the limits found in an available European standard. The simulations are based on the existing structures of the power grid within the concession of Lidkoping elnat. In a single case a fictitious grid is made for simulation. Treated voltage levels are low voltage and medium voltage. The values of production and consumption are based on data acquired from the existing photovoltaic plants, documentation from Lidkoping elnat and material consisting general values. Calculations are based on the result of the simulations in order to calculate the total voltage fluctuations. Additional calculations are made to study how the integration of a regulating component can affect these total voltage fluctuations.

    The measurements shows increased levels of harmonics and RMS-values in the voltage during production. The generated reports shows no illicit values of power quality according to European standard. The calculated result of the simulations do not exceed the allowed values of Swedish Energy Markets Inspectorate. However does the rural grid exceed recommended values of Swedenergy if the voltage fluctuations are deemed small. The result of the calculations including an integrated component of voltage regulation don´t exceed these recommended values. Therefor isn´t Lidkoping elnat obliged to regulate the voltage fluctuations but should if the voltage fluctuation of the medium voltage grid is deemed small.

  • Kolic, Edo
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Bearing current and shaft voltage measurement in electrical motors2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the fast-rising voltage pulses of pulse width modulated drives, the generated shaft voltage of electrical motors causes electrical discharge currents in bearings. These discharges can cause bearing failure leading to costly maintenance and unexpected production stops. To eliminate the raised shaft voltage, several techniques are used such as shaft grounding brushes, insulated bearings and conductive grease. The possibility to measure discharge activity on a PWM driven induction motor offers a tool for researchers to test different bearings in electric motors. In order to measure the shaft voltages and bearing currents, modifications of an induction motor are made firstly using 3D software and then on the physical motor. By insulating the bearing from the frame and attaching a copper ring to the bearings outer race bearing currents can be measured. The combined measurements of shaft voltage, bearing currents and frame currents shows the bearings conductive states at low speed, and insulated state at higher speed. Electrical discharge activity (DA) is observed as shaft voltage raises, resulting in a bearing current spike and shaft voltage drops rapidly while stator current is unaffected.

    Experimental tests were performed with a sample bearing at different operating conditions, such as operating speed, temperature, motor load, etc., to determine the effect of the common mode voltages on bearing currents and shaft voltages. At low temperatures between 23-26 ˚C and motor speeds above 1000 rpm EDM currents were observed. On temperatures above 40 ˚C no major EDM currents were observed regardless of rpm due to the bearing remaining in an ohmic conductive state. The modifications of the motor have shown to give reliable bearing current and shaft voltage measurements that can help in future research in this area.

  • Andersson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sandström, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Att mobba andra: En studie om mobbning, psykisk hälsa, tobak, alkohol och droganvändning och föräldrabarnkommunikation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying is a major global problem that is prevalent among young people. The aim of the present study is to investigate mental health and tobacco, alcohol and drug use and child disclosure related to bullying. The study intended to verify background variables such as gender, ethnicity and enjoyment of the area one lives in. The following questions were formulated: (a) Is there any connection between mental health, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, child disclosure and bullying? (b) How does bullying relate to mental health, tobacco, alcohol and drug use and child disclosure while controlling for gender, ethnicity and enjoyment of the area? To study this area, we used a quantitative approach with material from the LoRDIA (Longitudinal Research on Development In Adolescence) study in 2015. The study included 1324 students from two small and two medium-sized cities in Jönköping’s and Västra Götaland’s county in southern Sweden. The result indicate that there is a statistically significant relationship between bullying, mental health, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, as well as child disclosure. The most interesting result of the study shows that there is a significant difference between boys and girls bullying behavior: Boys are more involved in bullying than girls, and their bullying behavior is predicted by tobacco, alcohol, and drug use and child disclosure and perceived enjoyment of the area they live in, while girls bullying related to mental health, child disclosure, ethnicity and enjoyment of the area they live in.

  • Torman, Caroline
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att leva med ett medfött hjärtfel: Unga vuxnas upplevelser2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every day approximately one percent of the world's children are born with a congenital heart disease. Life span has increased for patients with congenital heart disease due to early diagnosis and development in recent decades in cardiac surgery. Living with a congenital heart disease got young adults to think about the disease itself, the ability to start a family, sexual activity, pregnancy, childbirth, choice of profession, physical activity and heredity. Today there are more adults than children with a congenital heart disease and the study highlights the experiences of the disease of young adults aged 13-39 years.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe young adults' experiences of living with a congenital heart disease.

    Method: A literature-based study has been made of qualitative studies retrieved from databases Cinahl and PubMed. The study is based on nine articles from different countries around the world. The articles have been analyzed by content analysis for qualitative studies.

    Results: The study's analysis resulted in three main themes; "feel different", "to be controlled by the disease," and "to take control of the disease."

    Conclusion: Living with a congenital heart disease was experienced in different ways, it was splitted opinions if the young adults felt they had control over their heart disease or not. The most common experience was to feel different. The young adults felt anxiety and uncertainty for the future because it could be experienced as uncertain.

  • Ivehag, Ellinor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Wulcan, Hanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Har vi gått igenom det här kan vi gå igenom vad som helst: Parets upplevelse av infertilitet2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Infertility is more common than many people think and can be due to various factors. The occurrence is equally common in both sexes and various treatment methods are available to take. Infertility rarely go unnoticed and couples affected more or less. Aim: The aim of the study was to highlight the heterosexual couple's experience of infertility. Method: A literature based study was done through a qualitative approach. The database Cinahl was used in the systematic searches. In total, the study is based on ten qualitative articles and the analysis resulted in three themes with three subthemes each. Results: The couples felt that their relationship was put to the test. They isolated themselves from family and friends because they constantly were reminded of their situation. Seeking support from others with infertility problems on Internet was common. Conclusion: The desire to become a parent was for all couples central but with the diagnosis life couldn’t take the way that was intended. The relationship was affected more or less, and support from various sources and of different types were needed. The importance of the nurse responds couple on a person-centered way highlighted. Person- centered care took advantage of the patient's resources and reduced suffering.

  • Nilsson, Fabian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Toft, Alicia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att mista en familjemedlem till följd av suicid: En litteraturbaserad studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Suicide is defined as a deliberate and self-destructive act that leads to death. It’s considered as a extensive health problem and each year, nearly 800 000 people die as a result of suicide around the world. Six people in each case estimates to be affected about the suicide. Sufficient support is considered important for these people. Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate relative’s experience of losing a family member as a result of suicide. Method: A literature-based study including qualitative studies was chosen, according to Friberg (2006), in order to illuminate the relative’s experience of losing a family member as a result of suicide. The results of a total of nine scientific articles were compiled. Results: The results are presented in four themes, and a total of eight subthemes. The presented themes where grief, to be judged by others and to judge themselves, need of support and to continue living. Conclusion: The relatives often experience great suffering, but the results in this study shows that most suicide survivors don’t receive sufficient support. The care of these survivors thus requires a big commitment from the nurses. A guidance to relevant support measures is therefore of great importance, because sufficient support relieve illness, suffering and depression. The nurse should have a reflective approach and a scientific base in the care of these suicide survivors.

  • Nilsen, Morgan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Optical detection of joint position in zero gap laser beam welding2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents an experimental study on how to track zero gaps between metal sheets to be joined by laser beam butt welding. Automated laser beam welding is gaining interest due to its ability to produce narrow and deep welds giving limited heat input and therefore less distortions compared to other processes, such as arc-welding. The automated laser beam welding process is however sensitive to how the high power laser is positioned with regards to the joint position. Deviations from the joint position may occur due to inaccuracies of the welding robot and fixturing, changes in joint geometry, process induced distortions, etc. Welding with an offset from the joint position can result inlack of sidewall fusion, a serious defect that is hard to detect. This work develops and evaluates three monitoring systems to be used during welding in order to be able to later control the laser beam spot position. (i) A monitoring systemis developed for three different photo diodes, one for the visual spectrum of the process emissions, one for the infrared spectrum, and one for the reflected highpower laser light. The correlation between the signals from the photodiodes and the welding position relative to the joint is analysed using a change detection algorithm. In this way an indication of a path deviation is given. (ii) A visual camera with matching illumination and optical filters is integrated into the laser beam welding tool in order to obtain images of the area in front of the melt pool. This gives a relatively clear view of the joint position even during intense spectral disturbances emitted from the process, and by applying animage processing algorithm and a model based filtering method the joint positionis estimated with an accuracy of 0.1 mm. (iii) By monitoring the spectral emissions from the laser induced plasma plume using a high speed and high resolution spectrometer, the plasma electron temperature can be estimated from the intensities of two selected spectral lines and this is correlated to the welding position and can be used for finding the joint position.

  • Hjalmarsson, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Johansson, Isabella
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    ”Att ständigt cykla utan broms”: Unga människors upplevelser av att leva med diabetes typ 12016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease and an increasing public health problem. Treatment of type 1 diabetes requires daily insulin injections. Young people living with diabetes may feel that they do not fit in among others of the same age.

    Aim: Illustrate young people's experiences of living with diabetes type 1.

    Method: This study was a qualitative literature-based study with an inductive approach. The result was based on 10 qualitative scientific articles.

    Result: The analysis resulted in three main themes and seven subthemes. The main themes were: To live in a process of adaptation, A buffet of challenges and How the social surroundings impact the life.

    Conclusion: The results showed that young people who lived with type 1 diabetes felt that they had to adapt their lives to the disease. For young people it was also important to become independent in their illness. It was obvious that living with type 1 diabetes was an experience of both physical and mental challenge, and the people in the studies expressed a desire to be normal and to be able to compare themselves with others. The social surroundings had a clear impact in many ways, though the support from the environment was perceived as valuable.

  • Odmyr, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Olsson, Linda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Flyktingars upplevelser av mötet med hälso- och sjukvården: Att inte kunna göra sin röst hörd2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: More people than ever before are now seeking refuge from war and terror in other countries (UNHCR, 2016). This has as a consequence that the health care in many Western countries faces new patient categories which don’t speak the language and are culturally different from what health professionals are familiar with. Ethical considerations are important, since being misunderstood and not met with dignity or respect can cause care-related suffering. This may increase the suffering already experienced due to loss of security, family and friends.

    Aim: To illustrate refugees’ experiences in the contact with health care.

    Method: This is a literature-based, qualitative study. 15 articles were selected to investigate refugees’ experiences of health care. The analysis resulted in 2 themes, each containing 3 subthemes.

    Results: The main themes that emerged were: Feeling acknowledged and respected, and Overcoming language and cultural barriers. The result mainly reveals that language barriers are common, and that refugees consider it important to be seen as individuals, which is not always the case in health care.

    Conclusion: The challenge in caring for refugees as a nurse consists in ensuring there is a common understanding. While being aware of a patient’s history, it is also important to see the individual in a person-centered approach.

  • Bolmvall, Astrid
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Bond, Joakim
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att leva med cancer: En litteraturbaserad studie som beskriver upplevelser av att leva med cancersjukdom2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Cancer is a growing problem in today ́s society. More people are diagnosed with the disease and the number of cases is expected to increase even more in the future. In order to be able to respond to people living with cancer and to apply a good nursing care, the nurse must know how these people experience their living conditions.

    Aim The aim of this study was to describe adults’ experiences of living with cancer.

    Method The method used was a literature study based on qualitative research according to Friberg (2012). The articles is analyzed according to Friberg ́s five-step model and results in three main themes and seven sub- themes.

    Results The main themes were- Changes in everyday life, Being a burden to themselves and their surroundings and To deal with an uncertain future.

    Conclusion The results showed that cancer disease changes the whole human life. The patients feel strain, both physically and mentally which changes everyday life in different ways and they live in a constant state of uncertainty.

  • Bodin, Katarina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    DuBar, Helena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Delaktighet och arbetstillfredsställelse: En jämförelse mellan olika anställningsformer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows a connection between participation and job satisfaction. However, many studies do not take into account temporary employees. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the correlation between perceived participation and job satisfaction, and if there are differences in perceived participation and job satisfaction between individuals in different types of employment. The following questions are considered: (1) What connection is there between perceived participation and job satisfaction? (2) Are there differences in perceived participation between individuals in different types of employment? (3) Are there differences in perceived work satisfaction between individuals in different types of employment? To measure participation parts of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire were used, and to measure job satisfaction, a short form based on the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire was used. The questionnaire was answered by temporary agency workers and members on Facebook/LinkedIn (n = 93; including 45 men (48.4%) and 48 women (51.6%) in the ages 18-61 (MD = 27; IQR = 10). The data was analyzed using Spearman´s rho, Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA-test, and the Mann-Whitney U-test. The results show (1) a very strong correlation between degree of participation and job satisfaction (r = .715, p < .001) (2) significant differences between individuals in different types of employment in some of perceived participation, and (3) no significant differences between individuals in different types of employment in work satisfaction. Unexpected was that no significant differences appeared for work satisfaction and that permanent employees through employment agencies as well as temporary employees report greater result than individuals in permanent employment regarding participation The results indicate that the subject needs to be investigated further to determine whether it is the type of employment or other underlying factors that are crucial for the perceived participation and work satisfaction.

  • Schüler, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Utveckling av en enkät för mätning av riskperception hos soldater och officerare: Vikten av kunskap och erfarenhet för att bedöma risker2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated whether a revised version of the scale Risk Perception Self (RPS) and the Hazard Perception Other (RPO) that Hunter (2002) developed from Imhoff and Levine (1981) to measure the risk perception of pilots, also measures risk perception among military personnel. Hunters scale consisted of (RPS=26, RPO=17) scenarios divided in 2 perspectives depicting typical risk situations that pilots faced in their work. The scale was translated into Swedish and the scenarios adjusted to risk situations of general military nature as military personnel would understand and encounter in their work. The revised scale was answered by 153 servicemen, 20-66 years old, average age 32.5; 17% women. The participants' experience of military operations varied: Experienced individuals were soldiers who had undergone basic military training and specific military training (n = 93). Novices were soldiers who had recently started their training (n = 60). The scale had good reliability (Cronbach α = 0.88 for RPS, RPO = 0.89) and the factor-structure of Hunter’s scale replicated reasonably well in the revised scale. The revised risk perception scale was then used to investigate whether the study participants´ knowledge, experience, gender and age affected risk perception and if the respondents’ contexts affected the participants´ risk perception.

    The results showed that Experienced participants assessed risks as less dangerous. Women and older people assessed risks as more dangerous, and personnel associated with combat units assessed risks as less dangerous than personnel in supporting units. These results are generally in line with previous research and suggest that the revised scale is capable of measuring the risk perception among military personnel. An interesting result was that the context in which the participants answered the questionnaire also affected risk perception. Generally, Novices assessed risks as more dangerous than experienced in self-made hazards, external threats and risk-prone decisions regardless of what context they were in when they filled in the questionnaire.

  • Algsten, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Agardius, Isabella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Här knackar vi inte längre: En kvalitativ studie om skolpersonalens upplevelse av sin arbetsmiljö på Kronan skola2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how school personnel have reacted in regard to their mental, physical, and social working environments one year after the Kronan School attack in Trollhättan. The study's results are based on semi-structured interviews with five staff members. The qualitative method of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (I.P.A) has been used to analyse the material. The results show which factors the staff members have considered to be the reasons for their recovery and setbacks when returning to work after the event. Five comprehensive themes presented themselves as being the most prominent after analysis. The comprehensive themes are based on the interviewees' experiences of social support, security, the lost meeting place, social strains, and mental processing. The results present how important the component's safety, security, and social support has been for the interviewees' processing of the traumatic event, as well as their return to work. The conclusion emphasises the interviewees' experience in a workgroup, where solidarity has developed and strengthened after experiencing crisis.

  • Olsson, Adrian
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Demokrati i läroböcker: En kritisk diskursanalys av demokratibegreppet i svenska samhällskunskapsböcker riktade mot högstadiet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med min studie är att, med hjälp av kritisk diskursanalys, synliggöra de demokratisyner som konstrueras i svenska läroböcker i samhällskunskap riktade mot högstadiet.

    Metod: Studiens metod är kritisk diskursanalys. Materialet består av två läroböcker i samhällskunskap riktade mot högstadiet, utgivna av två stora svenska läroboksförlag.

    Resultat: Läroböckerna i studien konstruerade det svenska samhället och politiska systemet som demokratisk norm. I samband med att demokratibegreppet förklarades togs exempel från Sverige. Läroböckerna diskuterade demokrati utifrån befintliga politiska system snarare än utifrån ideal eller demokratiföreställningar. Läroböckerna gav ibland uttryck för direkt motstridiga idéer när de konstruerade Sverige som demokratisk norm. I synnerhet vad gäller synen på den demokratiska medborgaren som konstruerades som både passiv och aktiv.

  • Salekärr, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hedman, Linda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Blogg som jobb: En studie om att ha yrkestitel bloggare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate and account for active bloggers view of the blogging profession, their blog and blogging in general. Previous research has been made about blogging and the interaction with the readers. This study revolves around the blogging profession and professional parts of working as a blogger and a qualitative selection of respondents led to 13 interviews. We discuss our results by applying marketing concepts as a point of departure.

    Looking closely into the subject makes it easy to see that the bloggers are happy with and proud of what they do, but they feel that the profession is still seen with skepticism and incomprehension from a lot of people. The blog is not considered as a real job, but in reality it can be anything from one's main occupation, just a hobby to one´s digital CV. The blog becomes a CV since it´s a place where you can store and display what you do and have done, with continual update.

    The study also concluded that even amongst the bloggers and the companies working alongside them, the industry is still evolving. Especially when it comes to advertising and marketing through blogs and maintaining legal working boundaries between blogger and company. According to our respondents the blogging profession still struggles when being scrutinized by bystanders.