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  • Pettersson, Åsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Thomée, Linda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors uppfattning om smärtskattning och smärtskattningsinstrument i kommunal hälso- och sjukvård: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is common for patients in municipal healthcare to experience pain. Repeated studies indicate that validated pain assessment tools are rarely used. Nurses' lack of knowledge concerning pain, pain assessment and pain relief leads to poor quality pain management which leads to poor quality of life. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate nurses' opinions of pain assessment and pain assessment tools in municipal healthcare. Method: A literature review was conducted in which eleven scientific studies were examined and analyzed according to qualitative content analysis. Result: Three categories: knowledge, teamwork and barriers, emerged from the analyses. The study shows that nurses rarely use pain assessment tools in their daily work. Nurses generally think it is complicated to assess pain in non- verbal patients or in patients with cognitive impairment. They also feel that they have a lack of knowledge when it comes to pain relief and pain assessment. Other barriers is lack of time and personnel. The multi professional team is seen as an important part to improve pain assessment and pain management. Conclusion: The result points towards the fact that nurses lack skills in pain management. It is not enough to learn from work experience. More extensive education is needed to gain nurses' interest and skills about pain.

  • Fransson, Sanna
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Olovligt nyttjande av kommunal mark: Kommunens hantering av olovliga överträdelser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All land in Sweden is divided into properties and is part of society's infrastructure. Each property has a unique designation and is bounded by a property boundary marked with boundary points. All properties also have one or more owners. The state, county councils, municipalities and individuals can all be owners of properties. The municipality has a role in society as both property owner and authority. Land use in Sweden is governed by Sweden's municipalities through various planning procedures. The largest land areas that the municipality owns are within urban areas where most of the land is local planned. Both the individual and the general interests should be merged about the surfaces for an appropriate use of the land. The municipality as a property owner handles cases where individuals use municipal land unlawfully for private purposes. Interviews have been completed to take part of the municipalities' experiences of unlawful use of municipal land. Examples of noncompliances that occur on municipal land are hedges, garden furniture, compost, waste or buildings. The biggest consequence is that the public places are privatized. The public has the right to stay on someone else's land according to the right of public access and can temporarily use public space for individual purposes if permission exists. If municipal land is used unlawfully for individual purposes, the municipality can use legal measures to deal with the problem. Depending on the type of non-compliances and where it occur, there are several different laws and regulations to relate to. It can be distinguished from newspaper articles and publications on municipal websites that the problem has been around for a long time but has now begun to be discovered more and more by the municipalities. The participating municipalities confirm that unlawful use of municipal land occurs. The phenomenon is perceived more or less as a problem in the various municipalities. The result has also shown that the problem is handled differently and makes it difficult to fulfill the principle of equal treatment. There are no clear guidelines in several of the municipalities for handling such cases. Part of the problem can be reduced already in the planning work if detailed plans are developed with well-thought out surfaces and clear boundaries for public space. At present, large additional resources are required if a municipality is to deal with the problem seriously.

  • Atik, Attila
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jabbour, Jean
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Legitimacy During Coup Attempts:: A comparative study about the US media framing of coup attempts in Venezuela (2002) and Turkey (2016)2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to describe and compare the differences and similarities for US mainstream media’s representation of two different coup attempts by using Robert Entman’s Framing theory in terms of legitimacy. The chosen cases are the coup attempt in Turkey (2016) which is an US ally, having a right-wing government and the coup attempt in Venezuela (2002) which has a strained relationship with the US and having left-wing government. The research applies qualitative approach to conduct a small-n case study for comparing and analyzing how the media framed the legitimacy of acts and actors during these two coup attempts. This is an attempt to describe the problematization of theory becoming practice for the US mainstream media regarding the presentation of what is legitimate and what is not. The definition of legitimacy is very clear, but the US mainstream media have issues to reflect this definition to the reality.

  • Mogren, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Abrahamsson, Max
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Repetitionens påverkan på animation: Åskådares uppfattning av repetitiv spelanimation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether repetition affects the experience of game animation. Through an experiment we divided people with gaming habits into two groups to view an animated run-cycle. The cycle, almost a second long, was repeated continuously. One of the groups viewed the cycle for 10 seconds whereas the other group viewed the same cycle, but for 120 seconds. The participants experiences were documented through a questionnaire that was later supplemented with a more thorough interview. Their statements were compiled using open coding in order to find similarities and differences between the two groups.The results of the experiment show tendencies that the group that viewed the cycle for 120 seconds expressed a change of experience with time, often for the worse, even if the animation itself didn't change. This differs from the other group, which had viewed the cycle for 10 seconds, which generally didn't report any changes of experience. From this we draw the conclusion that, in an experiment stripped of story, environment and context, game animation that repeats frequently tends to cause a change of experience with repetitions. How and why this change of experience occurs can only be discussed in this study even though there's similarities with theories as PECMA Flow and semanticsatiation. Further studies into the subject is required to fully understand the phenomenon and to apply the findings in real, complex games.

  • Nilsson, Helene
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Strauss, Anna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Brytpunktssamtal för äldre personer: en registerstudie i palliativ vård2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The need of palliative care will increase as the population ages and lives longer. There will be more old people with chronic diseases that will have other disease progression than those with cancer. To achieve a high quality in the palliative care it´s important that the physician gives the dying person information about the imminent death a so-called breakpoint conversation. A high-quality means among other things patient participation, symptom relief and support to relatives. This means a challenge for the healthcare workers who must pay attention to when care changes direction towards care in the end of life. Older people are to a lesser extent offered breakpoint conversation than younger people. The district nurse has an important role in the palliative care for older people in municipal health and medical care and are supposed to promote elderly people's opportunity to have information about their disease course that gives them ability to be involved with decisions about their own care planning, which means paying attention to when it´s time to offer a breakpoint conversation.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine relations and other factors associated with breakpoint conversation in palliative care for elderly people when death were imminent.

    Method: The study is a quantitative retrospective registry study based on data from the Swedish register of palliative care.

    Results: There are a significant difference within the group of old people when it comes to being offered a breakpoint conversation, with a negative trend where older people are less likely to get a breakpoint conversation. Gender and diagnosis had no impact. When a breakpoint conversation was offered, relatives were to a greater extent present when death occurred, and staff were more often the only ones present when a breakpoint conversation weren't offered.

    Conclusion: The palliative care is unequal and older people risk being exposed to unnecessary suffering. The district nurse in municipal home care should put an extra focus on this group of elderly people were death is imminent.

  • Segersäll, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Söderström, Åsa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskan och döden: En kvalitativ litteraturbaserad studie, om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda i livets slutskede2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses continuously meets and cares for dying patients, which can be perceived as both rewarding and stressful. To manage death and dying patients adequately, nurses need to reflect on what death means and her/his own perception of death and dying. Research showed that many nurses felt that they had a lack of knowledge and practical skills regarding end of life care. Objective: The purpose of this study was to illuminate nurses’ experiences of caring for patients in end-of-life care. Method: A literature-based study was used, based on analysis of qualitative data. Thirteen articles were analysed according to Friberg´s five-step model. The analysis resulted in four themes and eight subthemes. Results: Four main themes emerged from the analysis: 1) Deficient environment and organization 2) Deficient knowledge and practical skills 3) Support is an important factor 4) Response to end-of-life care. Conslusion: Education and training in end-of-life care was important. This should be implemented more, both in nursing education and in clinical practice. Support from management and colleagues was highly valued by nurses and should occur to a greater extent, as a way of preventing negative effects, such as burnout, and as a way of improving the care of dying patients and their relatives.

  • Martinsdotter, Nathalie
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Elias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    International Anarchy & the American Leviathan: A study in the moral and empirical applications of Hobbes’ concept of anarchy to American Foreign policy2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current president of the United States, Donald Trump, has been identified as the reason for a large shift in American foreign policy towards a doctrine closer to that of political realism. This claim has led us to examine if this transformation could be detected and described if we analyzed and compared Trump’s foreign policy doctrine with his predecessor, Barack Obama, through the lens Thomas Hobbes, whose ideas are at the core of the three modern schools of political realism. Accordingly, in this thesis, we deduce an analytical framework from the original corpus of Hobbes, where anarchy is divided into moral and empirical variables, identified as the primary factors for behavior in international settings. This is then applied inductively via a comparative qualitative content analysis to two primary documents, the National Security Strategies of 2010 containing the foreign policy doctrine of Obama, and the National Security Strategy of 2017 containing the doctrine of Trump. Our thesis shows a large shift in how the Presidents view the world in moral terms, or how they see it fit for the American executive to act on the international stage. And a relatively minor shift in empirical terms, or their perception of the foundational reality of the world system which they both consider to be of an anarchical nature closely connected to the theoretical model presented by our interpretation of Hobbes

  • Al Saad, Tamy
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nyman, Anders
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    New Course, New Discourse, New Racism?: Right-Wing Alternative Media in Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Like elsewhere in Europe, the tides of nationalist right-wing rhetoric in Sweden have become instrumental in generating a wave of anti-liberal and anti-immigration sentiments in politics and media. In particular, one branch of right-wing alternative media has become a breeding ground for normalizing such rhetoric. Does the anti-immigration stance in such media disguise racist inclinations? In this thesis we examine the discourse of three right-wing alternative media sites in Sweden to explore the possible employment of different types of racism in their articles. By taking the constructivist viewpoint and adopting the post-colonial conceptions of the 'Self' and the 'Other', racist discourse was analyzed and characterized as either biological or cultural. From these two theories, we derived concepts concerning descriptions of contemporary and ideal Swedish society that will be used as further indicators of racist discourses. In this single case study, 94 articles from Fria Tider, Nya Tider, and Samhällsnytt were analyzed on the topics of immigration, integration and crime through a qualitative content analysis. The results show that most of the articles contain cultural racist discourse.

  • Hjärtinge, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Nordebo, Daniel
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Anläggningsarrenden för idrottsändamål2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The right to use real estate is an important part of the Swedish history. Leasehold is such a form of right of use and has existed in Swedish law since the introduction of the 1907 nyttjanderättslag (NJL). Since 1970, NJL is a part of the jordabalk (JB). One of the four leaseforms is commercial ground lease, which is a legal institution that has existed since the 1968 reform of NJL. In order to be able to grant land through commercial ground lease, a number of terms are required. The terms "acquisition activity", "building" and "building's importance for the operation of the business" are all unclear formulated in the preparatory works for the NJL. In the preparatory works, sports facilities are excluded from the commercial groundlease and are instead referred to apartment lease. Apartment lease is a form of lease that does not have indirect possession protection and thus the right to replacement compensation when the lease ceases. Reasons for why sports facilities are excluded do not appear from the prepartory work. The legal situation within the commercial ground lease for sports purposes is therefore uncertain. The purpose of the thesis is to investigate to what extent it is possible to grant land for sports purposes through commercial ground lease. This thesis describes, through a legal doctrinal examination, the terms that must be fulfilled in order for a commercial ground lease to exist. How land has been granted for sports purposes is investigated through a sociological investigation of 228 agreements. The result of the thesis shows that land can be granted for sports purposes through commercial groundlease if the operator has an objective profit objective with his business. The fact that it is the tenant who conducts the business on the lease is not decisive. The result also shows that land for sports purposes in the investigated agreements is only granted in exceptional cases through commercial ground lease. Of the 228 agreements, six were granted through commercial ground lease, which corresponds to 3 %. The number of leases through apartment lease was the dominant form with 207 or 91 %. In 81 % of cases, the indirect protection of possession has been agreed away. The conclusion of the thesis is that land can be granted for sports purposes through commercial ground lease to all operations except the non-profit, but that in practice it is no tused. Instead, the agreements are classified as apartment lease. In the thesis's discussion, a resumption is conducted about what is really the main issue for a sport club in need of land.The title of the agreement should not be the most interesting, but whether the tenant is given the right to replacement compensation or not when the lease ceases.

  • Friborg, Nadja
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Carlsson, Patrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Middle powers and the rise of China: A case study of Swedish policy formulations with respect to China2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world is currently experiencing a power transition along with China's rise as a superpower. The decline of the United States as the unipolar world-leader is one of the great debates in international relations theory. However, this debate has focused on great powers and left out the role of the middle powers. In this thesis, the premise is that middle powers have an influential position in the world order. Among these, Sweden has had little scholarly attention. This thesis analysed Sweden's middle power role and policy formulations with respect to China, and how these two dimensions have changed over the period 2001-2019. By combining middlepower theory with role theory, a content analysis of government documents is conducted in a longitudinal study. The results indicated that Sweden increasingly focuses on its role of supporting the liberal world order, compared to the emphasis on its role of good international citizenship in 2001. Sweden's tone on China also showed increasingly cautious expressions over time. This shift in Sweden's middle power role is of significance since middle powers mostly hedge as a response to China's rise. The study of middle powers contributes to the broader question of how we can understand China's rise.

  • Ahonen, Patricia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Heimdal, Karin
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Samordnat planförfarande: en förenkling?2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The coordinated planning procedure regulates how consultation, announcement and review can be simplified and coordinated with a case that is examined according to the Road Act or the Rail Construction Act. A coordinated planning procedure was introduced in the Planning and Building Act on 1 January 2015. Previously, the procedure has been regulated as a simple procedure. The simple procedure was introduced in the new Planning and Building Act in 2011 after investigations and preparatory work found that a simpler planning process is needed to streamline construction and speed up social development. The opportunity for simplification should also help to avoid double work and double testing. In order to apply the procedure, certain requirements are set. If the requirements are met, the municipality can skip consultations and, in some cases, also use the environmental impact assessment that is produced in the road or railways plan. When amending the Road Act and the Railway Construction Act in 2013, the corresponding simplification and coordination provisions were also introduced in these. However, the study shows that the Swedish Transport Administration cannot simplify the consultation in the same way as the municipalities and that it is difficult for the Swedish Transport Administration to make use of an environmental impact assessment that has been produced by the municipality. The study is based on answers from surveys sent out to municipalities and the Swedish Transport Administration as well as interviews. The answers from the surveys show that the knowledge of the procedure is very low both at the municipality and at the Swedish Transport Administration. A few respondents indicate that they have used the procedure and have different views on the advantages and disadvantages of the procedure. From the study we have found that coordinated planning is difficult to apply, which means that it is rarely used. The study shows that more general coordination is used as the parties see advantages in sharing investigations and in some cases also trying to hold joint consultations in order to increase public understanding and avoid double messages. It can be stated that the municipal planning process and the planning process for state infrastructure differ both in process and time, which is the main reason why coordinated planning procedure sounds nice but is difficult to apply.

  • Lindblad, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Nordström, Emma
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    ”Tvätta händerna”: Hinder för en god handhygien2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Low hand hygiene compliance among health staff is a problem globally in health care settings. Improving hand hygiene could prevent many of the health care associated infections that affects hundreds of millions of patients every year around the globe. The aim of this literature study was to describe obstacles to maintain proper hand hygiene in hospitals, seen from a global perspective. Eight articles from seven countries, all based on qualitative research have been analysed according to Friberg's five-step method that contributes to evidence-based nursing. The challenges to sustain hand hygiene found in the results were split into two main categories: Organizational factors and Individual factors. Organizational factors included five subcategories: Work environment, Inadequate education, Infrastructure, Insufficient management and Power structures. The results showed that when these factors were negatively affected so was compliance regarding proper hand hygiene. These were often issuesthat the health staff felt powerless to change and affect. Individual factors included two subcategories: Attitudes and social factors. Example of this could be healthcare workers neglected hygiene guidelines out of personal reasons or healthcare workers giving care to patients that didn’t accept how it was carried out because of social and cultural differences. The complex issues revolving these matters need to be addressed on an overall perspective. Cooperation between management and health staff is fundamental to obtain changes within healthcare organizations. Both parties need to work together to be able to improve hand hygiene compliance and to reduce healthcare associated infections.

  • Berg, David
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Sediqi, Elhamuddin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Beröm som motivation inom vården: en kvalitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The public sector in Sweden comprises businesses within the municipality, state and county councils. Of all employed people in the country, one third works in the public sector. Major challenges are reported in healthcare where poor working conditions, low salaries and a lack of motivation are common issues. This study has the purpose of creating a better understanding and knowledge of how praise affects the motivation of the employees in the healthcare. We also investigated the form of praise that motivates the employees and consequently contributes to higher motivation. Previous research on motivation has to a greater extent focused on the private sector, hence there is a need for more empirical studies of praise in the public sector. The study is based on an empirical study on motivation and a qualitative research approach where we have chosen to do six semi-structured qualitative interviews with employees in healthcare. These interviews were later transcribed, and the data was used for the empirical work. Much of the empirical data showed that praise affects motivation differently depending on the recipient's characteristics, which were also in line with the theoretical basis of the study. The study also shows that most employees have a greater desire to receive praise individually rather than other alternatives, even though some felt that receiving praise in front of others was also important. These differences can be explained with Maslow's hierarchy of needs - depending on how the employee’s needs have been met. Those who have their basic needs met (step 1) and feel safe (step 2) and feel social belonging (step 3) need for self-esteem (step 4) are more receptive to praise. The study shows that praise as motivation in healthcare is used to a lesser extent than desired. It is also desirable for employees to receive praise and there are virtually only positive effects except if the praise is given to an individual in front of a collective group. Then it can contribute to negative effects in the form of jealousy or negative feelings

  • Forsman, Oscar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Heisler, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan specifika personlighetsdrag och inkomst2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today there is limited research on the relationship between specific personality traits and income. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between income and specific personality traits within the Big Five. The term "facet" was used in the study referring to the 30 specific personality traits, 11 of which are highlighted in this study, which together form five broader factors. The correlations were studied at facet level, whilst controlling for age, sex and number of years in the current profession. The study consisted of a two-part questionnaire, partly with 16 selfassessed questions about income, partly with 120 self-assessed claims about personality (IPIP NEO-120). Data was processed using a correlation analysis and a multiple regression analysis. 4 hypotheses were tested, where 3 out of 4 could be supported by the result (N = 131, age 18-61 years, 68% women and 32% men). Anxiety, assertiveness and achievement-striving were the 3 facets that found support in the result, while Modesty did not find support. Of all facets, adventurousness (β = .24, p = .02) and achievement-striving (β = .25, p = .01) showed the greatest predictive ability along with the control variable age (β = .52 , p <.001). The results from the study can be helpful by showing the predictive ability of personality on income as well as the relation between professional qualifications and personality. Knowledge about how personality correlates with income can contribute to development in areas such as recruitment, personnel development and salary settlements.

  • Riber, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    På väg mot en digitaliserad NO-undervisning: Rektorer och lärare resonerar kring möjligheter och utmaningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: De senaste två åren har nya beslut tagits på nationell nivå som syftar till att ytterligare digitalisera svensk skola. Det innebär nya krav och förväntningar på såväl ledning som den enskilde läraren. För de naturorienterande ämnena innebär revideringen av läroplanen 2018 en ökad användning av digitala verktyg. Samtidigt som lärare förväntas utveckla elevernas digitala kompetens behöver undervisningen balanseras med verkliga upplevelser och praktiskt undersökande arbete. Hur det ska gå till och hur lärarna resonerar kring de digitala verktygens roll inom NO-undervisningen behöver studeras djupare. Forskning kring digitala verktyg i den svenska skolans naturorienterande ämnen för årskurs 4–6 är fortfarande begränsad.

    Syfte: Denna studie syftar till att undersöka hur rektorer och NO-lärare resonerar kring att använda digitala verktyg i undervisningen för årskurs 4–6, samt vilka de största utmaningarnaär för att en lärare ska använda sig av digitala verktyg.

    Metod: Via telefon utfördes semistrukturerade intervjuer med elva NO-lärare och fem rektorer för att kunna identifiera såväl framgångsfaktorer som hinder. I intervjuerna fick respondenterna presentera sina tankar, erfarenheter, resonemang och upplevelser kring såväl digitaliseringen som den enskilda NO-undervisningen. Intervjuerna bearbetades via kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Studien identifierade sex dominerande uppfattningar vilka får konsekvenser för utvecklingen av en digitaliserad NO-undervisning. Uppfattningarna gäller vad digitalaverktyg kan och inte kan erbjuda, elevernas användning av digitala verktyg, organisatoriska aspekter samt att naturorienterande ämnen karakteriseras av praktiskt arbete. Uppfattningarna visar att det pågår förhandlingar kring synen på digitalisering, lärande och ansvarsfördelning.

  • Andreasson, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samuelsson, Paulina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Personlighet som prediktor för organisationslojalitet: En kvantitativ studie om sambanden mellan femfaktormodellenoch organisationslojalitet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies in the field of personality have been carried out for many years where the results show that personality are important for different life outcomes. However, few studies have investigated relationships between personality and organizational commitment. Previous research shows that organizations can avoid unnecessary costs by hiring people who tend to contribute with high levels of 3 organizational commitment. Thus, our study sought to preserve investigating relationships between personality and organizational commitment. A quantitative method was used, and data collection was done through a web-based questionnaire consisting of 48 statements. The questionnaire consisted of two established instruments, the IPIP-30 and the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ), which intend to measure personality dimensions and organizational commitment. A total of 155 people participated in the study (M =34 years, SD = 12, Range 18-64years, 75% women) with average period of employment in their organization of 6.5years (SD = 8.5, range 0.7-44 years). The results were partly in line with previous research where the personality dimensions of neuroticism, conscientiousness and agreeableness have been shown to predict organizational commitment. An unexpected result in the present study was that extraversion did not show any relationship with organizational commitment. A regression analysis testified that personality could explain ≈ 20% of the variance in organizational commitment. The results contribute to increased knowledge that personality can be used as a predictor of organizational commitment. Our conclusion is that personality can be used as a predictor for finding individuals who tend to be loyal, which is an investment for organizations in order to avoid high turnover and unnecessary costs, as well as obtain individuals who tend to contribute the little extra.

  • Erixon, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Kopp, Johanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med endometrios: En litteraturbaserad studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Endometriosis is a common disease which affects every tenth woman. The disease affects women's quality of life with pain and other unpleasant symptoms. There is a lack of knowledge about the disease and a correct diagnosis may take several years to receive.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to highlight women's experiences of living with endometriosis.

    Method: A literature-based study based on an analysis of eight scientific articles of qualitative research.

    Results: Two main themes emerged the influence on everyday life and the contact with healthcare. The results showed that endometriosis limits women's lives in several aspects. Pain was the most described symptom affecting everyday life and being mistrusted by the healthcare was often described when in contact with the healthcare. The lack of knowledge of the disease is highlighted in the articles.

    Conclusion: To prevent a delayed diagnosis the caregivers need a deeper knowledge and understanding of endometriosis. It is important to understand how it affects women's life and to prevent normalizing and neglecting women's symptoms.

  • Gahnström, Emil
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Knowles, Robin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Dragon, The Unicorn and the Grip of The Lion: A Comparative Case Study on the Secessionist Political Parties in Scotland & Wales and the Nationalist Arguments Aiming for Secession2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is conducted as a descriptive comparative case study with the aim to explore the utilisation of different forms of nationalist arguments for secession by the Scottish National Party in the Scottish Parliament and Plaid Cymru in the Welsh Assembly. Based on the application of nationalist theories from three different modernist scholars, statements made by each party are analysed from politico-ideological, economic, and socio-cultural perspectives.

    The Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru share both secession as the ultimate goal and perceptions of being in a subjugated position within the United Kingdom. However, the results of the qualitative textual content analyses show that the approach towards secession is fundamentally varied between the two parties. The Scottish National Party utilises predominantly economic arguments for independence whilst Plaid Cymru find themselves arguing for further devolution of powers together with attempts to differentiate themselves from the UK.

    This study confirms a number of claims and ideas from previous research within the academic fields of nationalism and secessionism while simultaneously delivering findings on unexplored idiosyncrasies of nationalist discourses in Scotland and Wales. Subsequently, it is our aim to contribute to a deeper and more structured understanding regarding the content of nationalist arguments for secession.

  • Lexén, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Trulsson, Sofie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    "Vi kallar dem huvudfotingar": Hur vårdpersonal kan stödja personer med utmattningssyndrom2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stress-related ill-health including exhaustion syndrome is increasing sharply. Exhaustion syndrome means a human suffering for the affected and a burden for our society. There is no scientific evidence yet for how people with exhaustion syndrome should be treated.

    Aim: To investigate how healthcare professionals can support people with exhaustion syndrome.

    Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted. The selection consisted of seven healthcare providers who all worked with people with exhaustion syndrome. The data was analyzed with a qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach.

    Result: What the informants described as support for people with exhaustion syndrome was to provide a care based on the person's needs, to work to strengthen the patient's own abilities, to provide the opportunity for a conscious presence, to create a balance between activity and rest and to give the patient knowledge.

    Conclusion: Healthcare professionals can support people with exhaustion syndrome by providing a care based on the person's conditions and disease phase. The supportive efforts must be person-centered and have the purpose of providing knowledge and tools on how the person can handle their illness. Cooperation between professions is important. To include the psychiatric nurse and / or the district nurse in the care of these persons would be beneficial as in many cases nursing is a missing factor.

  • Carlson, Freddie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Zurowetz, Sebastian
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Kommuners förhållningssätt till regeln om reduktion av bygglovsavgiften: en studie av fyra kommuner inom Västra Götaland2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Planning and Building act (PBL) was rewritten in 2011. A new requirement was added for the local authorities to handle building permits within ten weeks from when the applications were completed. However there were no sanctions added against the local authorities if they were to exceed the deadline of ten weeks. Several investigations performed by, for example Boverket, show that the local authorities have difficulties meeting the deadline. JO has several times, since the readjustment in 2011, complained to local authorities of their unreasonable processing time.

    In 2016 the government gave Boverket an assignment to investigate if the local authorities are meeting the deadlines and to propose a sanction system for the building committees, if they exceed the ten weeks. The purpose of the assignment was to improve the local authorities' processing time and to make the building process more effective. The report from Boverket showed that 81 percent of the local authorities handle a majority of the building permits within the deadline and that the processing time has improved every year since the Planning and Building act was rewritten in 2011. It was stated in the report from Boverket, that a reduction of the building permit fee was the most suitable penalty to use against the local authorities for a time violation.

    The reduction of the building permit fee was introduced in PBL on the first of January 2019, and was stated in paragraph 12:8 a. The penalty is structured so that every started week that exceeds the deadline, the building permit fee will be reduced by a fifth. In this study it has been analysed what impact the rule has had on four local authorities and how they interpret the rule. The study has been limited to and is only focused on building permits that are outside of the detailed plan, with minor deviance from the detailed plan and building permits for major buildings. The study is based on interviews with the manager in the department of building permit in four different local authorities located in Västra Götaland. Three of the local authorities were chosen based on size of population and the fourth was chosen to represent a local authority that has major seasonal accommodation. Before every interview the interviewees have been given an interview guide, and during the interviews the same basic questions have been asked with an opportunity to ask in-depth follow-up questions.

    The result showed that 12:8 a will not have a significant impact on the local authorities and therefore will not result in a more effective building process. The reason for this is that the new regulation is only a small part in the bigger picture and has a lack of deadlines in other parts of the building process. This will lead to local authorities simply moving resources to the area that has a deadline, while other steps of the process will not be as prioritized. The conclusion from these findings show that the whole building process should be looked over. The rules within PBL should be better aligned with each other and also with other laws. The guidance that Boverket gives to the local authorities should also be clearer, since local authorities can interpret the law differently. Overall, the 12:8 a paragraph will not have a big impact on the building process. The purpose of PBL on a simpler Planning and Building act continues to be sidestepped.

  • Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Bosson, Christoffer
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Landsbygdsutveckling i strandnära lägen: En kartläggande och jämförande studie av hur kommuner och Länsstyrelser tillämpar lagstiftningen2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    2009/2010 a new concept was brought into Environmental code and Planning and Building Act, which was countryside development in areas close to shores (LIS). This amendment was motivated by that areas which have a low degree of exploited land area and high access to seaside areas would get an opportunity to reliefs in coastal protection regulations, in order to be able to offer attractive areas for living and establishing different activities within the municipality. Since the amendment came into force the main responsibility for approval of exceptions from costal protection regulations is on the county. The county administrative board main responsibility is to keep an eye on the granted approvals of the municipalities. The amendments in the Planning and Building Act resulted in the possibility for the municipalities to present areas in with a relief in coastal protection regulations, as a part of the comprehensive plan, an addition to the comprehensive plan or an extensive version for a part of the comprehensive plan.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate and compare how the legislation about LIS is applied, by studying 44 municipalities including the documents of comments from the county administrative board. The first part of the study is the quantitative part which contains collecting and compile information and statistics in which the study will be founded. The study also contains a qualitative part of analyzing the results obtained in the quantitative part.

    Overall the study shows that there is a disagreement between the municipalities and the county administrative board regarding costal protection regulation. The conclusion is based on the results from the study presenting the comments from the county administrative board to the municipalities during the final examine before the comprehensive plan is adopted by the municipal council. The results in the study show a pattern in the most frequent comments from the county administrative board compiled. The most common comment from the county administrative board is that the municipality has not fulfilled the purpose of the legislation about LIS. Furthermore, the municipality has not considered national interests in the municipal areas meant for LIS. The study shows that different political ideology has an influence on the execution of the legislation about LIS in municipalities. The results in the study show that the political ideology has an impact on the numbers of areas which the municipalities present as LIS. As a matter of fact, the impact of political ideology is greater than the impact of geographical similarities between two municipalities, according to the results in the study.