1 - 15 of 15
rss atomLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
  • Larsson, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Ahlstrand, Ilona
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    "Sista utvägen": Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av hot och våld inom sluten psykiatrisk vård2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A serious problem in the work environment are threats and violence. This is a growing problem in health care. Workplaces providing mental health care is one of the workplaces that is at risk of exposure. Nurses may suffer from severe psychological and physical consequences afterwards.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe nurses' experiences of threats and violence in the field of mental health care.

    Method: The study was conducted at a hospital in southern Sweden. Ten nurses were interviewed for 30-60 minutes. The interviews were recorded in order to be written down later. The material was subjected to qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The processed material was subdivided into four categories: The view on threats and violence, approach to threats and violence over time, reactions on threats and violence and safety-creating factors. Everyone in the study had been exposed to threats and violence at work. Nurses described that with growing work experience, their approach to meet threats and violence changed. They were not as much affected as they were in the beginning of their work, and rather stood back instead of entering into confrontation with the patients. Experienced staff, education and secure premises are some of the factors to increase safety to staff.

    Conclusion: Working within psychiatric in-patient care department inevitably entails coming into contact with threats and / or violence at some point. Patients with a variety of psychiatric disorders may have difficulties expressing their needs in an appropriate manner. One last resort, when a patient is lacking a feeling of being understood, can be to communicate his needs through threats and violence. Linking a patient's behavior to his illness often helps nurses to gain a better understanding of why the patient is acting out.

  • Dafgård, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Edvardsen, Catrin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Du är huvudpersonen i ditt liv, eller?: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors upplevelser av empowerment dimensioner på kvinnodominerade arbetsplatser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background of this study is to promote women in working life and to find methods for preventing ill health and sick leave, as well as highlighting women's experiences of empowerment processes in their area regarding their work situations. The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate what strengthens women in their professional role. Do women have the opportunity to participate in empowerment processes and influence their skills development? Do women experience powerlessness in the women-dominated workplaces? The vision of the ideal work in which organization and employees are prioritized equally is the human relation theory where organization and employees need each other. Seven workplaces are represented by fifteen informants interviewed with a hermeneutic approach and interpreted through the IPA model. The result showed differences in the different workplaces that gave empowerment the dimensions of empowerment, powerlessness and strengthening through skills development. Where more knowledge gives more power.

  • Algotsson, Jennie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Bodin, Maja
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Vård med fokus att lindra: En litteraturbaserad studie om sjuksköterskors upplevelser i palliativ vård.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: According to World Health Organization is palliative care a human right. The focus of palliative care is relieving suffering and having quality of life as the main goal. The nurse's role is to enable symptom control, to be a support for the patient and close relatives, as well as contributing to a good and worthy death. Although death is a part of life, strong feelings arise about death and the dying. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurse experiences of palliative care. Method: The method used was a literature study based on international qualitative research. Eleven articles were analyzed and resulted in four main themes and nine sub-themes. Results: The findings were four main themes; the profession, relationships, work environment and feelings as well as nine sub themes; experiences and knowledges, the patient, relatives, stress, support from colleagues, lack of support from colleagues, grief and impotency, satisfaction and mental strain. Conclusion: The nurse’s experience of palliative care is individual and varies depending on, experience, interaction with colleagues and self-perception regarding individual values and existential questions.

  • Nilsen, Ida
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Investerings- och byggnationsanalys av integrerade och fristående strömtransformatorer i Ellevios regionnät2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this diploma thesis is to conduct a technical and economic investigation of two construction methods of current transformers in substations.

    In the report the power transformer, the instrument transformer, the current and voltage transformers are presented. The power transformer is one of the most important components in the power grid, whose main task is to transform electricity from one voltage level to another. The instrument transformers are used to separate high voltage circuits from the measuring instruments. The voltage transformers task is to transform the primary voltages into secondary measurement voltages, and the current transformer main task is to convert primary currents to smaller, standardized secondary currents to get less and more manageable currents that are easier to measure.

    In the thesis, pros and cons with the independent and integrated current transformers are compared in Ellevio's regional network. Two financial calculations are presented and a requirement study about Ellevio's current requirements for measurement with instrument transformers in the regional network is submitted. This has been through extensive surveying and interviews with expert stakeholders in the area.

    The theoretical and economic investigation shows that the investment cost of the integrated current transformer is considerably lower and that it is space saving and that it´s more complicated to correct possible errors on this type of current transformer.

  • Kettil Vikberg, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Utan deras deltagande så blir det ingen soppa": En kvalitativ studie om socialpedagogik i Svenska Kyrkans regi2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialpedagogik inom Svenska Kyrkans diakonala verksamheter är ett nästintill outforskat fält. Denna studies utgångspunkt är att undersöka hur socialpedagogiskt arbete beskrivs och utförs i Svenska Kyrkans diakonala arbete i form av en soppköksverksamhet där deltagarna till största delen utgörs av asylsökande och papperslösa men också svenskar med eller utan olika social problematik. Det empiriska materialet består i denna studie av deltagande observationer och halvstrukturerade intervjuer. Metoden är kvalitativ med en abduktiv ansats. Den teoretiska ramen i studien bygger på socialpedagogisk teori med fokus på begreppen inkludering, delaktighet och empowerment samt på maktteori med fokus på pastoralmakt. Materialet har analyserats med hjälp av tematisk analysmetod där de övergripande temana blev delaktighet, maktförhållanden i soppköksverksamhete samt handlingsutrymme. Resultatet visar att socialpedagogik bedrivs och utförs i Svenska Kyrkans diakonala arbete i stor utsträckning men att det inte alltid sätts ord på handlingarna.

  • Skoglund, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Mossberg Jönsson, Helena
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att överleva ett hjärtstopp;: en litteraturbaserad studie om vuxna personers erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year 10,000 people in Sweden suffer from a cardiac arrest. The chance to survive increases and also the lifespan. Having suffered a cardiac arrest means a change in everyday life, both emotionally and physically. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe adult people’s experiences after surviving a cardiac arrest. Method: A qualitative literature-based study. An analysis of nine qualitative articles was carried out. Results: Three main themes emerged; near death-experience, a changed body and to get a functioning everyday. The results showed that life after the cardiac arrest meant a major transformation. To suffer a near-death experience affected the people and there was a reprioritisations of everyday life. It was found that bodily changes created an insecurity and it was perceived as difficulty when the energy was not enough. Conclusion: People who survived a cardiac arrest are in need of support from the health care.

  • Hallberg, Angela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skog, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ledarskapets intelligens, empati, stress och resurser att bemästra stress hos personer i chefsposition2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A person in chief position plays an important role in respect to both the company and its employees. Ronthy's theory (2006, 2013) aims to highlight her view of the concept of "leadership intelligence" which consists of: emotional intelligence (EQ), rational intelligence (RQ) and mental intelligence (SQ). A test relating to measuring leadership intelligence has been developed; Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire (LIQ). The test is now in version 3; LIQ3. People in the Chief Position can be divided into two types using LIQ3: Leader and Manager. A leader is characterized by high emotional and spiritual intelligence, while a manager of high rationality. Based on Ronthy's theory, this study aims at examining the following issues: (a) Can LIQ3 distinguish between managers and leaders from the point of view of whether the company produces goods or focuses on services? (b) Do EQ and SQ co-exist positively with empathy? (c) Does the self-reliant stress differ between leaders and managers according to LIQ3? (d) Is there a positive link between EQ and useful coping resources? The participants were 131 in different positions (34% women) from four different organizations (M = 49 years, SD = 8), of whom 18% were senior executives, 62% middle managers and 21% group leaders. In addition to LIQ3, participants responded to questionnaires that measure self-perceived stress, empathy and coping resources. LIQ3 could not distinguish between managers and leaders by organizational type. EQ and SQ positively correlated with social and emotional coping resources. There were no significant differences in stress levels between managers and leaders. Various aspects of leadership skills are noted and questioned in today's organizations and its properties have been investigated and discussed in this study.

  • Tammpere, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Larsson, Linnéa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Livet efter hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturstudie med grund i analys av kvalitativ forskning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Myocardial infarction is one of the most common diseases that cause death in the world. The diagnosis has an immediate impact on the person's life. It's important that nurses are aware of the paramount importance of their role as caregivers and also as their role in monitoring the patient after discharge from hospital.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe patients' experiences after myocardial infarction.

    Method: In order to understand patients' experiences following myocardial infarction and to contribute to evidence-based nursing, present study was a literature study based on qualitative research. Analysis was conducted according to Friberg's five-step analysis method, which gave four themes and eight subthemes.

    Results: The result shows that patients had experience of physical and mental changes after myocardial infarction. They felt a loss of energy and strength and experienced fatigue, which limited them in everyday life. Getting support from healthcare professionals was considered important to implement the lifestyle changes that were recommended and to get a pleased recovery. Patients' relatives were also considered important during recovery as they constituted support for the patient and helped them to see a bright future.

    Conclusion: It´s important that nurses maintain continuous contact with patients after discharge from hospital in order to make a good support system and to encourage the patients for a healthy living.

  • Capriles, Claudia
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Kartläggning av kommunala utvecklingsplaner gällande laddinfrastruktur för elbilar2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden aims to be completely fossil free by 2030. Politicians want to reduce fossil fuel cars while expanding the charging infrastructure for electric cars. The ownership of electric cars has increased by 73% in the last year. The charging infrastructure is increasing and now there are over 3,500 charging points in Sweden. It's possible to apply for investment support through State owned Klimatklivet, which offers financial support up to 50% of the cost of building new charging stations.

    The purpose is to investigate and compare different municipalities' plans regarding the development of charging stations for electric cars, and to compare their methods, strategies and infrastructure. The purpose is also to see which municipalities cooperate with each other and in what way.

    In order to investigate and compare the charging infrastructure in Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö, Borås and Trollhättan, interviews were conducted with those in charge of these selected municipalities.

    The result shows that the larger municipalities such as Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö have come quite a long way with the charging infrastructure issue, while the smaller municipalities haven't come as far in their development. The larger municipalities have staff who work with the issue and they have major projects in progress, which will be completed by 2018. Stockholm is moving ahead and is expanding their charging infrastructure onto city street buildings and residential neighborhood areas, while Malmö and Gothenburg are more careful and want to prioritize residential neighborhood areas over city streets as they want to continue giving precedence to bicycle- and bus lanes. The laws are the same but are interpreted differently. Common to all is that they often see legislation as an obstacle. Besides Stockholm, the other municipalities don't really know how to proceed. They don't know how to plan for- or who is responsible for developing the charging infrastructure.

    This is a new area which means that most municipalities are still trying to find their model. Better cooperation between municipalities could mean faster and more cost-effective development.

  • Larsson, Ina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Den fantastiska värdegrunden: en kvalitativ analys av identitetsskapande och fantasylitteraturens position i svensklärares värdegrundsarbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Litteraturundervisningen kan utgöras av olika genrer och fantasylitteraturen används allt mer frekvent. I en avhandling av Alkestrand synliggörs fantasylitteraturens användningsområden inom värdegrundsarbetet, som syftar till att ge alla elever en likvärdig utbildning och utveckla en trygg identitet. Dock visar studier att införandet av läroplanen Gy11 skapat skillnaderna mellan det yrkesförberedande- och högskoleförberedande programmet, bland annat inom litteraturarbetet. Hypotesen är därmed att programskillnader gällande inställning till värdegrundsarbete, resulterar i att gymnasieelever får olika möjligheter för att utveckla sin identitet, och att värdegrundsarbetet kan främjas av fantasylitteratur.

    Syfte: Uppsatsens syfte är att analysera relationen mellan elevers identitetsutveckling och gymnasielärares arbete med fantasylitteratur inom värdegrundsarbetet.

    Metod: Genom en webbenkät som riktades mot svensklärare på gymnasiet insamlades materialet till uppsatsens analys. Undersökningens metod utgörs av en kombination av kvantitativ och kvalitativ metod, som sammanställs i en resultatanalys.

    Resultat: Undersökningen visar att värdegrundsarbetet kan gynnas av fantasylitteraturen, och att ett likvärdigt värdegrundsarbete är viktigt för elevernas likvärdiga identitetsutveckling.

  • Parsian, Amir
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West.
    Regenerative Chatter Vibration in Indexable Drills: Modeling and Simulation2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An indexable insert drill is a drill which uses cutting inserts to make holes. Undesirable sound generated by this type of drill has always been considered as a problem in workshops. The focus of this thesis is to investigate the mechanism behind these vibrations, to model it and to provide guidelines for reducing the sound in future drill designs. Primary investigations show that the main sound generating mechanism is a self-induced vibration due to a coupled torsional-axial deformation in the drill which leads to the torsional-axial chatter vibration. The first step of simulating regenerative chatter vibrations in a drill is to model the static cutting forces. In this thesis, a model is proposed to estimate static cutting forces in indexable drills by dividing the cutting edges into small elements. Since, using this model, forces can be calculated separately on each insert, it is possibleto consider insert differences in estimation of the cutting loads. Torsional-axial coupling has been discussed and subsequently a time-domain model is proposed to simulate chatter vibrations. The resulting model is a system of delay differential equations with variable delays. The delay varies with time and is dependent on the state of the system. Variations in the time-delay, tool jump-out and backward motions of inserts have been included in the proposed time-domain simulation. A set of experiments was conducted to verify the model. Finally, a number of different strategies to alleviate the problem of chatter vibration are explored and their feasibilities for use in future products are discussed.

  • Emami, Iman
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Pilqvist, Martin
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Implementering av översiktsbild för att hjälpa driftoperatörer bistå anvisningar från Starta Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Vattenfall is currently working to meet the instructions of the project "Starta Sverige" that is created by the Swedish transmission system operators in which a cooperation between different control rooms and control centers will minimize problems during power system restoration after a major disturbance. This work aims to aid the completion of the strategy in Starta Sverige for the control-room operators at Vattenfall to reconnect load after a system failure in the simplest, fastest and safest way possible. This will be done through development of a schematic overview to Vattenfall's operating system.

    The way to achieve this is to conduct interviews with control-room operators and operating system specialists with the purpose of understanding their needs and expectations but also to understand the technical limitations of the operating system. The development has been performed in an iterative way where follow-up interviews weremade to persistently improve the schematic overview.

    The result is a schematic overview roughly the size of an A4-papersheet. Technical limitations prevent some of the control-room operator's wishes to become reality, such asto use graphs to show the remaining active power to reconnect. There is one schematic overview to each of the eight zones of Starta Sverige in Sweden which will contain information about relevant stations, reactive components and transformer taps in addition to showing the voltage and frequency for the connection point to the national transmission grid. According to the instructions of Starta Sverige there is a priority to present the available and used active power since this information is important for system restoration.

    The schematic overview is planned to be implemented in the operating system the same year as the publication of this report, although currently an example is accessible in Vattenfall's operating system. Since the schematic overview is planned to be used after amajor system breakdown there's an uncertainty when the actual use will be.

  • Alfredsson, Jonas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Framtagning av kravspecifikation och affärsmodell för fjärrdiagnostisering av lyftlösning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In collaboration with Binar Quick-Lift Systems AB, a product development project has been carried out at the University West in Trollhättan. Binar Quick-Lift Systems AB manufactures and develops lifting solutions for loads up to 300 kg and is an affiliate of the Binary Group, where operations are conducted in two primary areas: Industrial Solutions and First Responder Technology.

    The vision for most companies is to develop and given the current trend of the Internet of Things, Binar wanted to see how a wireless communication solution can integrate with the company's existing lifting solutions. The goal of this mission was to establish a requirement specification and a business model for wireless diagnostics of their lifting solution, based on customer needs and the company's basic requirements.

    The introduction of the project consisted of a preliminary study which included information gathering and interviews with stakeholders and experts. A market investigation was performed in parallel with the interviews where a function and competitor analysis were conducted to obtain relevant customer data as well as an understanding of the market. The requirement specification was established using collected information in the preliminary study and the business model was generated from the preliminary study as well as the customer and base requirements.

    The result was a requirement specification with mainly subjective requirements as well as a business model with a basic contract offer for the sale of the wireless solution.

  • Lundqvist, Torgny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wadsö, Annika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ett samtal om samtal: Chefers upplevelse av medarbetarsamtalet som förändringsverktyg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine employee review, based on a manager perspective with an interest in what effects leaders' experience it is generating, and how they use the employee review in the development of their organization. The method used in this study is qualitative and comprises eight semi-structured interviews, in which individuals with personnel responsibility where given the opportunity to share their comprehension off and experience from the phenomenon employee review, and its importance based on their position in the organization. The result shows that the employee review is a time and energy-intensive effort for the managers who sometimes have to make their spare time available for the task.Dialogue and social skills are highlighted as key factors for a good conversation, and the participants in the study relies on their self-generated experience and feel confident in their professional role in the implementation of employee review. This study contributes to deeper knowledge of the managers' experience regarding the employee review and its potential as an organizational management tool, and can contribute to future research as a complement to studies regarding the employees' experience. The results shows that it may also be of interest to study employee reviews through observations of the interview, how well the practical implementation is in line with the manager's intentions on business development.

  • Ganvir, Ashish
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Design of Suspension Plasma Sprayed Thermal Barrier Coatings2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) are widely used on gas turbine components to provide thermal insulation, which in combination with advanced cooling, can enable the gas turbine to operate at significantly higher temperatures even above the melting temperature of the metallic components. There is a permanent need,mainly due to environmental reasons, to increase the combustion temperature inturbines, hence new TBC solutions are needed. By using a liquid feedstock in thermal spraying, new types of TBCs can be produced. Suspension plasma/flame or solution precursor plasma spraying are examples of techniques that can be utilized for liquid feedstock thermal spraying. This approach of using suspension and solution feedstock, which is an alternative to the conventional solid powder feedstock spraying, is gaining increasing research interest since it has been shown to be capable of producing coatings withsuperior performance. The objective of this research work was to identify relationships between process parameters, coating microstructure, thermal conductivity and lifetime in suspension plasma sprayed TBCs. A further objective was to utilize these relationships to enable tailoring of the TBC microstructure for superior performance compared to state-of-the-art TBC used in industry today, i.e. solid feedstock plasma sprayed TBCs. Different spraying techniques, namely suspension high velocity oxy fuel, solution precursor plasma and suspension plasma spraying (with axial and radial feeding) were explored and compared to solid feedstock plasma spraying. A variety of microstructures, such as highly porous, vertically cracked and columnar, were produced and investigated. It was shown that there are strong relationships between microstructure, thermo-mechanical properties and performance of the coatings. Specifically, axial suspension plasma spraying wasshown as a very promising technique to produce various microstructures as wellas highly durable coatings. Based on the experimental results, a tailored columnar microstructure design for a superior TBC performance is also proposed.